The Irish Bomfords
The Low Family of Newtown Low, Ireland
(see sources at the end)
2a William Low, b c1630, d 2 May 1678 (Chapelizod Tomb inscription) m Joan d 30 Sep 1677 (Chapelizod Tomb inscription) and had issue. Anabaptist, major with Cromwell's army, granted the manor of Newtown in 1675 with manorial powers and held over 5,000 statute acres, formerly the lands of Rose MacGeoghegan (Egan). William is listed as a grantee in John O'Hart's Irish Landed Gentry 3rd Edition, Dublin, 1884 at page 462. See map of holdings as at the 1670 Down Survey
3a Ebenezer Low, d 2 Jul 1690 from wounds received at the Battle of the Boyne with William of Orange (Egan), bur Chapelizod, m(1) Elizabeth d 2 Jan 1677, m(2) Catherine d 8 Jul 1687 (Chapelizod Tomb inscription), had no sons (Egan)
3b Baracah Low or Barachia Low or Barakiah Low or Barakea Low, known as Barry Lowe, d 1735 (Chancery Bill, Index of Prerogative Wills) m Ann Pilkington (daughter of Richard Pilkington of Toar) and had issue (Egan: 'five sons and one daughter'). He was a commissioner for raising supplies for William's army (Egan). Egan describes Barry Lowe in the early 1700s as 'one of the most flagrant priest hunters in the midlands' and quotes Woods: 'His name is spoken of with detestation and horror by the peasanty - a fiend in human shape - lost to every generous feeling and as insensible to pity and suffering as the lictor who lashed our Lord at the pillar.'
4a William Low died before his father (Egan)
4b Ebenezer Low m contrary to family wishes and by a family settlement was only allowed a life interest in the estate (Egan). The family settlement is possibly the deed of 1724 mentioned in the Chancery Bill; a record of the deed may be in the Registry of Deeds, but that has not been checked. Ebenezer had offspring (Dora Smith email 11 Oct 2009)
4c George Low dsp (Egan), d 1757, of Houndsley Dike, Co Westmeath, Dr in Physick (Deed 219-56-142589)
4d Richard Low dsp (Egan) d1770 (Index of Prerogative Wills, Chancery Bills), m Mary (Chancery Bill). Richard 'entered into possession of all the lands and premises mentioned in deed of 1724 and remained in possession thereof up to the time of his death' (Chancery Bill)
4e Baracah Low or Baraka Low dsp (Egan) d 1794 (Index of Prerogative Wills)
4f Lucy Low, spinster (deed 219-56-142589)
4g Martha Low m Joshua Emerson (deed 219-56-142589). We know that Martha Low and Joshua Emerson only had two children because of the various documents which list the protagonists in the legal battle with Martha's family the Lows: the latest one of which, in 1774, has Martha Emerson, widow, Baraka Emerson, Mary Emerson, widow and executrix of Joshua Emerson v James Boynton and others (Chancery Bill Books 1760-1800) (Richard Emerson email 8 Nov 2008). Joshua was the only son of Caleb Emerson, whose will dated 16th July 1748 in the City of Philadelphia includes, 'I give and devise my two lots of ground and my messuages situated in Anne Street in the city of Dublin in the Kingdom of Ireland, and all my Lands, tenements and hereditaments in the said Kingdom of Ireland, and also all Estates either for Form or Form of years, or for Form of Forms of Life or Lives, wherein I have any Right, Title or Interest within the same Kingdom of Ireland to my son Joshua Emerson, to hold to him, his Heirs, Executors, Administrators and Assigns for ever' (Richard Emerson email 8 Nov 2008). Joshua died without a will: Betham's Abstracts has 'Intestate, 1769, 4th May, Emerson Joshua, Edenderry, Kings Co (Gent), to Joshua Emerson the son' (Richard Emerson email 8 Nov 2008). Deed 176-423-119418 records a Lease bearing the date January 15 1723 between Samuel Kathrons, late of the same city (Dublin) merchant dec'd of the first part, Caleb Emerson, then of the same city, looking glass maker but late of Philadelphia, dec'd of the second part. Benjamin Everard of the same city, Esquire of the third part. The said Samuel Kathrons did for the considerations ment'd demise and set unto the said Caleb Emerson all that piece or parcel of ground . . . East side of Anne Street in the parish of St Michans, Oxmanton, Dublin . . . payment of one peppercorn on renewal thereon ment . . . On which said lot of ground the said Caleb Emerson did erect and build two substantial dwelling houses and several other improvements And reciting the said Caleb Emerson by his last will and testament, executed at the city of Philadelphia in Pennsylvania bearing the date 1748 did devise and bequeath the said lot of ground and mortgages thereon built unto the kind Joshua Emerson, his only son, his heirs executors and assigns for ever. By which deed and mortgages did grant and sell unto the said Benjamin Harper, witnessed by Udell Turner, clerk to Thomas Mulock of said City of Dublin ..and by the same Thomas Mulock, Joshua Emerson signed and sealed (Richard Emerson email 8 Nov 2008). Martha Low left a will dated 14 Jun 1778 referring to her late son Joshua (from Richey: Richard Emerson emails 2 & 7 Jun 2008): 'I Martha Emerson being weak in body but sound in mind do make my last will and testament. Legacies to Joshua's widow Mary Emerson. Remainder of property, being my father's bequest as a marriage portion on Estate of Newton to grandson John Swift Emerson; Exec Nephew William Bridge of Roscrea and Mr John Swift, Uncle to said grandson. Witness John Mason, Thos Benkill and Mary Roche. Probate to William Bridge, 8 Feb 1790'
5a Baraka Emerson (Chancery Bill). Deed 273-382-178661 refers to Barakia Emerson of Phillipstown Kings Co, Gent, and Benjamin Harper of Dublin, Linen Draper, city of Dublin . . . made between Joshua Emerson of Ballysolough, Kings Co, Gent [Baraka's father] and Benjamin Harper. Joshua to Barakiah eldest son and heir of aforesaid Joshua ... Ann Street property in parish of St Michans. Witnessed by Joshua Emerson, City of Dublin, silversmith [Baraka's brother] and Christian Breder, clerk to Thos Mulock. Similar transactions between Barakiah Emerson and Benjamin Harper are found at 286-286-18/07251, in 1771; with Reardan in 1773, 296-422-197453, where Barakiah Emerson is described as a Tallow Chandler; with McQuay in 1771, witnessed by Joshua Emerson silversmith, 283-582-1878/35; and again with Harper in 1771, 281-469-187455/6 where Barakiah Emerson is 'Late of Phillipstown but now of Ormond Str in the Liberty of Thomas Court and Donore and of Co Dublin, Gent' (Richard Emerson email 8 Nov 2008).
5b Joshua Emerson (Chancery Bill), silversmith of Dublin m(1) Swift and had issue; m(2) Mary Smith otherwise Mary Osbery (23.2.1). For a mortgage between Joshua Emerson and Benjamin Harper in 1755 see 176-423-119418 (Richard Emerson email 8 Nov 2008).
4h Sarah Low m 4 Mar 1726 Henry Pilkington (her cousin, a son of Abraham Pilkington and grandson of Richard Pilkington) and had a son. Henry m(2) Barabara Simpson and had further issue (Burke)
5a Abraham Pilkington m Mary Shaw, sister of Anne [Shaw?] wife of Colonel Low of Newtown Low (Burke), and had issue
6a Henry Pilkington d 1810, m(1) 19 May 1778 Frances Emilia Mulock and had issue (Burke)
7a Henry Pilkington (Burke)
7b Abraham John Pilkington, who m and had issue (Burke)
7c William Low Pilkington RN, d 1809 (Burke)
7d Frances Margaret Pilkington m 1797 John Swift Emerson and had issue (Burke)
Henry m(2) Anne Hamilton Pilkington of Urney and had further issue (Burke)
6b Matilda Pilkington m Luke Usher (Burke)
6c Sarah Pilkington m Philip North (Burke)
6d Anne Pilkington m Charles North (Burke)
6e William Pilkington m Margaret Mills (Burke)
6f Abraham Pilkington (Burke)
5a Basakea North (Betham)
5b John North (Betham)
5c Anne North (Betham)
3c Mary Low m Faustin Cuppaige or Faustin Cuppage, cornet in Lord Conway's troop during Rebellion, got his debenture at Cuppaige's Bridge (formerly Ballytrasna) and had issue (Burke's Irish Family Records)
4a George Cuppaige, m and had issue (Burke's Irish Family Records)
5a? Clarinda Cuppaige m Humphrey Minchin (Deed 219-56-142589)
5b? Anne Cuppaige, m John Dawson (Deed 219-56-142589). Anne was a widow by 1770 (Chancery Bill). These two women might be George's daughters, or they might be his sisters. From their context in the deed it would seem likely they are his legal representatives, probably his executors or administrators
4b Richard Cuppaige, d of wounds inflicted by rebels (Burke's Irish Family Records)
4c John Cuppaige, Rev, b 1658, d 1725 m Elizabeth Waring and had issue (Burke's Irish Family Records)
4d Joseph Cuppaige (Chapelizod Tomb inscription)
3d Joan Low, d 20 Mar 1678 (Chapelizod Tomb inscription)
2b George Low, second son, d 8 Jul 1681 (Chapelizod Tomb inscription), Lieutenant with Cromwell's army, married and had seven sons (Egan). George is listed as a grantee in John O'Hart's Irish Landed Gentry 3rd Edition, Dublin, 1884 at page 462. His holdings were mapped at the time of the 1670 Down Survey
3a Samuel Low m Miss Persse (Egan)
4a Dudley Low died young (Egan)
4b Samuel Low, m 1713 Anne Sands and had issue. Surveyor and Controller of the Ordnance (Egan). Samuel Low is listed in First Parliament of George I (1715-22): List of knights, commissioners, citizens & burgesses in Parliament, in The History and Proceedings of the House of Commons : volume 8: 1733-1734 (1742), pp. 265-284 under Co Suffolk as 'Samuel Low, Esq; Comptroller of the Ordnance in Ireland'; in the corresponding list for the Second Parliament, 1722-27, he is listed as Samuel Lowe (with an E). He inherited the Newtown estates following the death of 4b Ebenezer Low above (Egan)
5a Samuel Low, barrister, MP for Clogher, Commissioner for Appeals, dsp (Egan)
5b Lancelot Low, Rev, DD, b 1716, d 1784 (Index of Prerogative Wills) following a fall from a horse (Egan) m Elizabeth Bowen and had three sons and a daughter. The sons appear to have died without issue (Egan)
6a? Ann Honora [Low?] m 1784 Major, later Rev, John Vignoles of Portarlington, and inherited the Newtown estate (Egan)
6b - 6d: three sons (Egan)
3b - 3g: six sons (Egan)
2c Thomas Low, served with Cromwell's army (Egan; though Dora Smith (email 12 Aug 2013) says the story she has is that William and George were army officers and Thomas was not); 'held two rented parcels in County Westmeath in the 1660s' (Dora Smith email 11 Oct 2009). John O'Hart's Irish Landed Gentry 3rd Edition, Dublin, 1884 at page 438, lists Thomas Lowe as receiving new tenures direct from the Crown under an 1685 Commission of Grace confirming his ownership of land then in his possession, ownership of which had become difficult to prove for a variety of possible reasons. It seems that these were grants that were to be made under the Acts of Settlement and Explanation, but had either not been completed or had subsequently become unprovable. The Commission of Grace documents list the lands as Ballybrody alias Ballybrouder [or Ballybrodier] (140 acres), Derrygoulan alias Derryoulan [or Derrygolan] and Derryreach and Ralurtan (154 ac), and Cappelahy [or Cupelahy] (23 ac), all in the Barony of Moyashel, Co Westmeath, total rent £6.8.7, dated 17 Dec in the 36th year (1873) (Liam Lowe email 17 Sep 2013). The Book of Surveys and Distribution of the Estates in the County of Westmeath Forfeited in the Year MDCXLI documents that those 3 parcels of land granted to Thomas had previously been awarded to William Lowe by certificates dated 1666 (Liam Lowe emails 14 & 17 Sep 2013). Thomas is not listed on the Chapelizod tomb of his supposed father
2d (possibly) Edward Low, 'found in tax rolls in William's Anabaptist colony, in the Kilbeggan or Moate area, in the 1650s or 1660s' (Dora Smith email 11 Oct 2009)
Egan says that the last of the Lowe family is said to have died in a mental institution around the beginning of the nineteenth century. Egan quotes Cogan in his History of the Diocese of Meath, 'The Lowes of Newtown have been wed out, root and branch and the family is now extinct.'
Oliver Egan Tyrrellspass: Past and Present (Tyrrellspass Town Development Committee, 1986), pp 71 - 74 (Sheila Perino email 13 Jun 2008)
(Richard Emerson email 11 Jun 2008, from the Registry of Deeds)
A deed of release bearing date 1757 between Godfrey Lill Esq, one of the Masters of His Majesty's Court of Chancellors in Ireland. The first part George Low eldest son and heir of Ebenezer Low late of Newtown Co West Meath decd who was eldest son and heir of Barakiah Low of Newtown, aforesaid Esq dec'd. Of the second part George Low of Houndsley Dike, Co W. Meath Dr in Physick, Richard Low of the same place (gent), Lucy Low of Houndsley Dike aforesaid spinster, Joshua Emerson of Geashill Kings Co and Martha Emerson, otherwise Low, his wife, which said George Low, Richard Low, Barackia Low, Lucy Low and Martha Low are the younger children and legatees named in the will of aforesaid Barachia Low. Of the third part Samuel Low of Dublin Esq, of the 4th part Humphrey Minchin, City of Dublin, Esq, Clarinda Minchin otherwise Cuppaige his wife. John Dawson of City of Dublin Esq, Anne Dawson, otherwise Cuppaige of the 5th part and Richard Fetherston of Grangemoor, W Meath 6th part.
3rd May 1770 Chancery Bill
Ref Richey National Library, Dublin, Mss 8315 (Richard Emerson email 11 Jun 2008)
To Lord Chancellor, Lord Lifford humbly complaining shew unto your Lordships, your suppliants, Martha Emerson, widow, Baraka Emerson and Joshua Emerson that they filed a Bill against Richard Lowe, Baraka Lowe, Lucy Lowe, Rev Lancelot Lowe, Humphrey Minchin Esq, Clarinda his wife and Ann Dawson, widow, setting forth among other things that James Moore, late of Newport in Co Mayo deceased did about 1743 file his Bill in this Star Court against Ebenezer Lowe and others therein mentioned and that said Bill set forth among other things that on or about or 16 May 1724 a deed was entered into whereby Barakiah Low and Ebenezer Low his son, since both deceased did convey to Samuel Lowe and George Cuppaidge and their heirs the townlands of Ardmorney and that thereby a power was given to Barakiah Lowe, the elder, that might at any time charge the lands with any sum not exceeding £4400 for payment for his debts and raising portions for his younger children.
About the year 1729 he borrowed from said Moore for which he conveyed a mortgage. Barakiah Lowe died in 1735 and made a will in which he charged his estate with £4,300, part of said £4,400, part of which to be raised as soon as possible and bequeathed:-
- to his daughter, Lucy, £500
- to his son, George £300
- to his daughter, your suppliant, Martha, £500
- to his sons, Richard & Barakia, £6,000[?] each
and of his will appointed Anne, his widow, George his son and Henry Pilkington and Thomas North his sons-in-law, Executors. Henry Pilkington being the surviving executor. On 8th July 1748. Moore was paid off and discharged and to legatees a sum, on account was paid off viz to George Lowe, Richard Lowe and Joshua Emerson and plaintiff Martha.
George Lowe died 1750 and his brother Richard administered to him and entered into possession of all the lands and premises mentioned in deed of 1724 and remained in possession thereof up to the time of his death without paying off any part of that interest due to her and said bill prayed the said defendant Richard Lowe might be obliged to pay off Martha the interest due to her and also pay to plaintiff as admonx to Joshua - her late husband. But before the bill was brought to a hearing Richard Lowe died and by his will appointed Mary his wife, his sole executor and now that said Mary Lowe may appear before your Lordship and shew cause if she can wherefore the said suit and all the proceedings had therein should not stand revised and be put in the same condition as they were at the death of the said Henry [?: Richard] Lowe.
Chancery Bill Books 1760-1800
(Richard Emerson email 11 Jun 2008)
- 23 March 1769 - Martha Emerson and others v Richard Lowe, Baraka Lowe, Rev Lancelot Lowe and others
- Easter Term 1770 Martha Emerson and others v Mary Lowe and others
- Easter Term 1770 Martha Emerson, widow, Barakiah Emerson and Joshua Emerson and others v Mary Low and others (extracted above)
- 1774 Martha Emerson, Widow, Barakia Emerson, Mary Emerson, Widow and Executrix of Joshua Emerson v James Boyton and others.
Burke's Irish Family Records
Burke's Irish Family Records, Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1976, p310, entry for Cuppage. For another interpretation of Cuppage family relations, see http://genforum.genealogy.com/cuppage/messages/2.html
Index of Prerogative Wills
(Richard Emerson email 11 Jun 2008)
- Ebenezer Lowe d 1690
- Richard Lowe d 1770
- William Lowe d 1768
- Ann Lowe, widow, d 1800
- Barakah Lowe d 1735
- Barakah Lowe d 1794
- Rev Lancelot Lowe d 1784
Burke, Sir Bernard, Ulster King of Arms, A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th edition, 1863, p1198, entry for Pilkington of Tore (Google Books)
Betham's record of the Will of Thomas North: 160 North Thomas of Ballysotrugh[?] Kings Co - Dated 16 Oct 1752 - pd 18th Apr 1758 - wife Mary - Sons Basakea[?] and John - daur Anne - Brother John North - Brother in law Baracah Low -' (EN email 25 Apr 2008 #9)
(Richard Emerson email 13 Jun 2008) (also http://www.linleyfh.com/oursecondsite-p/p463.htm; and Chapelizod Parish in A History of the County Dublin: the people, parishes and antiquities from the earliest times to the close of the 19th century, by Francis Elrington Ball, originally published in six volumes (1902-1920))
This tomb was erected by John Low, gent. who was born at Bewdly in Worcestershire, and departed this life the 24 of April, 1638, and was here interred.
Here also lie the bodies of Joan, wife of Major William Low, his son, who died the 30 of Septem 1677
Elizabeth, wife of Ebenezer Low, Esq. son of the sd William Low, who died ye 2 of January, 1677
Major William Low departed this life ye 2 of May, 1678
Joan his daughter departed this life ye 20th of March, 1678
Lieu. George Low, second soil of John Low, died ye 8 of July, 1681
Catherin, second wife of Ebenezer Low, died ye 8 of July, 1687
Ebenezer Low, Esq. repaired and enlarged this tomb, and departed this life ye 2nd of July, 1690.
Here lie also the bodies of William, William, Elizabeth, Joan Low, Catherine Low, Ebenezer, John, Joseph son of [-]tin Cuppaidge, gent. by Mary his wife, daughter of Major William Low.
Dora Smith (emails)