The Irish Bomfords

Abraham Irwin Bolton, M.D.

(one of the great-grandfathers of G.R. Stanculescu, author of this summary)

Motto: “One does not change his soul
But only the sky above him,
When crossing the sea”.

(Japanese Hai-Ku)

Abraham Irwin Bolton, passport sized photoAbraham (Aby) Irwin Bolton was born in Dublin, Ireland, (somewhere in Kilgobbin, County Dublin, Barony Rathdown, Poor Law Union Dublin South, Parish of Kilgobbin, Townland Kilgobbin, Ireland), on March 26th, 1838, as the 6th child (of 9, i.e. 7 sons and 2 daughters) of the Rev. Lyndon Henry Bolton, and his wife, Anna Maria Bolton (nee Bourne) 1).

His father, the Rev. Lyndon Henry Bolton of Carrickmines, Co. Dublin and of Burren and Cooleague (Coologe), Co. Cavan, was born on March 10th, 1801, at Monkstown, Dublin, Ireland, (as the fifth child of Lyndon Bolton Esq. and Jane Carpenter). After getting his B.A. (Bachelor of Arts) degree at Trinity College in Dublin in 1825 (where he was admitted, aged 18, on February 4th, 1820), he reached the positions of Perpetual Curate of St. Luke’s parish in Dublin (1854-1856), then rector of St. Luke’s (1857-1861). He ended his career, after getting his M.A. (Master of Arts) degree in 1865, as Rector of Drumcondra (Drumconrath) parish, Co. Meath (1861-1869), where he died on November 20th, 1869 2). Lyndon Henry Bolton belonged to the “Bolton of the Island” branch of the Boltons, an English wealthy landed gentry’s family from Ireland (documented in Ireland as early as the beginning of 1600, in one of the editions of the Burke’s “Landed Gentry in Ireland”) 3).

Lyndon Bolton, Esq. (b. Abt.1770, in Dublin-Monkstown Castel), son of William Bolton of Ballyduf (Co. Wexford, Ireland) and of Mary Lyndon, Aby Bolton’s paternal grandfather, was a well established merchant. He married, on November 2nd, 1793, at St. Nich Without, Dublin, Jane Carpenter 4), the daughter of a pharmacy holder, Richard Carpenter, Apothecary in Dublin (see below the role of a pharmacy in Aby Bolton’s life).

Their son, the Rev. Lyndon Henry Bolton married Anna-Maria Bourne on January 26th, 1826, at St. Peter, Dublin, Co. Dublin, and Ireland 5). The author of this summary owes to Aby Bolton’s loving and beloved Mother, Anna Maria Bolton (nee Bourne), the access to a very valuable starting point in his genealogical and family history researches. Our family kept (and today it is in my possession), as a worshiped and priceless heritage, the “Holy Bible” given as a gift by Anna-Maria Bolton to Abraham Irwin Bolton, when the last left in 1870 his country, Ireland, to establish himself for good in Constantza, together with his wife and children. On the front pages of this family Book there are a lot of unique hand-written notes referring to the Aby Bolton’s family events and members, together with the Bolton Family Coats of Arms and the Family motto: “Deus Providebit” 6). Anna-Maria Bourne (married Bolton), the mother of Aby Bolton, was born around 1805 and died in her 81st year on May 14th , 1886 at Drumlargan (Dunlangannan), Kilcock, Co. Meath, Ireland 7).

Walter Bourne, Esq. (b. 1766 in Dublin and d. Nov. 18th , 1848), the father of Anna-Maria (the maternal grandfather of Aby Bolton), was the Clerk of The Crown Bench for Ireland (Crown Solicitor for Ireland) 8). Walter Bourne’s second wife was Eleanor Carmichael (b. Abt. 1770 – St. Bridget’s, Dublin, m. Dec.29th, 1791 and d. 1838), she possible having a surprising ancestor’s lineage (through women as well) up to Edward Plantagenet III, King of England (and even beyond!)9). The Bournes and the Carmichaels were members of the Irish Legal Establishment at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries 10).

The fate of the sons and daughters of Lyndon Henry Bolton and Anna-Maria Bolton (nee Bourne) – brothers and sisters of Aby Bolton - was characteristic for the British Victorian time, in the middle of the 19th century. They spread all around the world, and only the first born, Lyndon Bolton (b. Nov.20th , 1826 and d. Apr. 4th , 1900) had a full career, as a solicitor, in Ireland and is buried at Drumcondra (Drumconrath) like his father. The rest of them went as far as South Africa, China, New Zealand, India and, of course [for the summary’s subject], Romania. The second child, Walter Hooke Bolton (b. Jan. 22nd, 1828 and d. Apr. 23rd, 1855) died after a severe illness as a District Surgeon at Fort Beaufort and Alice, Southeast Africa. The third child, Richard Knott Bolton (b. May 1st  , 1830 and d. Apr. 11th, 1909) was Rector of the parish of Fenny Bentley, Ashbourne, Derbyshire, England. The fourth child, Hallowes Henry Bolton (b. June 13th, 1833 and d. Jul. 28th, 1875) is buried in the Auckland Central Cemetery in New Zealand. The fifth child Henry Kearney Bolton (b. Jul. 21st, 1835 and d. Jul. 15th, 1854) died, at a young age, as a student in Dublin. The sixth child (the present summary is dealing with) is buried in the old Cemetery of Constantza, Romania. The seventh child, a daughter, Elinor Jane Bolton (b. May 6th, 1840 and d. Jul. 14th, 1924) married a member of the Bomford family in Ireland. The eighth child, again a daughter, Jane Mary Anne Bolton (b. May 11th, 1842 and d. 1922) married in England the Lt.-Col. W. Flemming. And the ninth and last child, William Bolton (b. Jan. 9th , 1846 and d. Jul. 11th , 1882), again a Surgeon and a Physician, died, in London, of diseases caught in China and India 11). It is really impressive how many surgeons and physicians were in this family, and how exposed they were to the risks of catching lethal diseases in their rather young ages!

Researching on the net a lot of distant cousins of the author of this summary appeared. A lot of families in UK, USA, Canada, Australia (including Tasmania), etc. are related either with the parents or the grandparents of Aby Bolton or with his brothers and sisters. Family names like Ryley, Barnes, Morris, Bomford, Constable, Longfield, Loftus, Bradshaw, Harris, Bethell, Shelford, Flemming, Knott, Greer, Irwin, Hall, Hallowes, Monsarrat, Berry, Carmichael, Bourne, Bolton, Carpenter, could include such distant cousins. I have got some pleasant e-mail reactions from Tasmania, Australia, UK and Ireland (Bomford branch) 12), UK (Hallowes branch) 13), USA (Carmichael branch) and Canada (Bourne branch)14).

Abraham Irwin Bolton finished his medical studies in Dublin, getting a M.D. diploma, and completed his studies (apparently in Paris - France) 15). Starting with Oct. 8th, 1861, he served for about 10 years as a ship surgeon in the British Royal Navy. At that time his study degrees were registered as M.B. (Bachelor of Medicine) and B.A. (Bachelor of Arts) and his rank in the Navy was, at least at the beginning, Assistant Surgeon16). He took part in the North American Civil (Secession) War and in the Mexican Revolutionary War Campaigns, where he distinguished himself by his efforts against the soldiers’ Yellow Fever 17).

According to his record of service, found today at Public Records Office in Kew, London (UK) under the index ADM (for Admiralty) 10411, which is coded to ADM 104/27, a record being for an “Assistant Surgeon” only, his Navy’s career brief details are as follows (courtesy Roger Nixon, professional researcher specialised in the PRO):

“Abraham Irwin Bolton was aged 23, on 26 March 1861, and he obtained his seniority as an Assistant Surgeon on 8 October 1861. No birthplace is indicated in his record. He served on HMS “Victory”, “Phaeton”, “Frederick William”, “Cockatrice” and “Ganges”, between 8 October 1861 and his resignation on 1 January 1871. Prior to becoming a surgeon he obtained a Dublin University Degree AB (Bachelor of Arts) on 3 August 1860, and MB (Bachelor in Medicine) in June 1860 and also obtained the Diploma in Surgery at the College of Surgeons’, Ireland 20 August 1860. He was retained on the Half Pay at certain times and when in receipt resided at:

a)  24 Lower Baggot St. Dublin (1865)

b)  Kustendjie, Turkey (1870) [today Constantza, Romania]

There are extensive notes written in his record about his activities which are too long to recount here but suffice to say that he was well thought of by his superiors and patients alike. However around 1867 he applied for a position at Haulbowline in Ireland [after he got married for the first time], but was unable to obtain a post as it had already been filled and then in 1870 applies to be released from HMS Cockatrice [probably after his fight, described herein below, with the ship’s captain] for “urgent family business” [sic!]. He was then told that he had been replaced, as there was a delay in sending in his accounts. He then applies for his discharge from the service with a request for some remuneration for his services. His superiors recommend that his resignation should not be accepted as he was quoted as having loitered in Turkey having been superseded at his own request after 4 years service in the Mediterranean and that he gives the impression that he wishes to commencing practice in Turkey and that he should be directed to return to England immediately with a view to his employment. This was ordered accordingly. However in December 1870 he writes asking to be allowed to resign to set up private practice. The Admiralty then changes its policy as it sees no advantage to be gained by his return and orders that he should be dismissed from the service or be made to serve on a ship on the Home Station. His name was then removed from the [Royal Navy’s] List on 5 April 1871.”

Officers of HMS Cockatrice. Click on picture to see larger versionHis close descendants kept in the family the legend that he was offered, after the end of his studies, a Medical Doctor position with the English Company established in Dobroudja (then a part of the Ottoman Empire), holding the concession rights to build a Railway between the Black Sea and the Danube. He refused this position, arguing that the “area was too barbarian” 18). Ironically, it happened that, when serving on the HMS “Cockatrice” - a steam driven screw gunboat of 269 – 330 tons displacement and 253 hpi, with two guns, launched on May 25th, 1860, and scrapped in 1885 19) - in the Mediterranean Sea, he came in a violent conflict with the ship's Captain, when the ship arrived at Constantinople. This incident was probably linked with the difference in their opinions about the Irish Political Movement led by Parnell. Although Aby Bolton was of English origin, he could not tolerate the arrogance toward his Irish countrymen expressed by his “Welsh”18) Captain. The quarrel ended in a fight, and, obviously, was reported to the British Consul in Constantinople. The Consul made a simple and straightforward judgement: the ship could not sail further on without a Captain, meaning that the doctor had to step down in the nearest next Turkish Port, i.e. Kustendjie (the today Romanian port of Constantza), exactly where he had initially refused a position 20). This incident probably occurred in 1868, and in 1871 he established himself firmly, together with his family, in the “area” he had initially judged to have been “too barbarian”! Curiously, after being “punished” in this way by the British Consul in Istanbul, he eventually got later on a diplomatic position, as British vice-consul in Constantza (Romania), around 1885 – 1887. 21)

The port and its surroundings were brought again to a modern life (after 400 years of Ottoman obsolete rule) by the activities of the British "Danube and Black Sea Railway & Kustendjie Harbour Company Limited” (or “D.B.S.R.”), led by Sir John Trevor Barkley. As the aftermath of the victorious Crimean War against the Tsarist Russia, on September 1st, 1857, the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Medjid 1st granted to this Company, from a powerful and allied Britain, the 99 years’ concession rights for building and exploiting the third built railway on the Ottoman Empire territory. The construction of the first two stretches of railways in Turkey, were the ones linking Cairo and Alexandria (211km, opened to traffic on January 1st, 1857) and  Smyrna (Izmir) to Aydin (Seydiköy), (130 km, opened to traffic on July 1st, 1860), both of them built by British Consortiums.22) The 65,3-km. “English” railway stretch, linking Constantza (Kustendjie) Harbour to the Cernavoda (Bogazköy) port on the Danube was opened for traffic on October 4th, 1860, and was the first one in the European parts of the Ottoman Empire. The main scope of the British investors in doing it, was to ease the conveyance of the grain exports from the Danube lower valley (a valuable commodity in the 19th century).

The Western European countries, deeply engaged in their Industrial Revolution, were badly needing food supply for their hungry masses of newly enrolled industrial workers and towns’ new inhabitants, displaced from the agricultural countryside. Britain itself relied heavily on urgent imports of grain from the region when trying to diminish the terrible effects of the 1846 – 1849 great famines in Ireland. The lesson was quickly learned, and by fighting in a distant war against Russia (the Crimean War), and by other means, including investing in transport infrastructures, grain exports to Western Europe from the lower Danube regions were better secured and stabilised. 23)

In Constantza, at that time, there was one doctor only, a Greek, the quarantine Dr. Papasaul, assigned by the Turks, and busy enough, to check the health of the Muslim pilgrims intending to go to Mecca. Thus, Dr. Bolton was enrolled and assigned to take care of the British Railway Company’s staff and workers, and he was entitled, in this position, to run the Company pharmacy as well. In this way he started his lifetime medical practice in Constantza. In 1882, the newly independent Romanian State, which received Dobroudja territory, including the port of Constantza, as a reward for fighting together with the Russians against the Turks in the 1877-1878 Oriental War, managed to buy back this strategic railway concession from the mentioned British Company. On this occasion, Dr. Bolton had the opportunity to buy the Company pharmacy, which later became the Pharmacy No.1 in Constantza (or “the English Pharmacy”). Dr. Bolton was among the first two or three local qualified medical doctors and pharmacists, and was well reputed among the local population as a good surgeon. Most of his professional life, he was the only one doctor for the poor people without resources. Some of his poor Turkish patients, when not able to pay him for his visits or treatments fees with hardly to be found coins paid him with old oriental family jewels, some of them of a great value, of which they were unaware. His nickname was “Doctor Kesedjek”, meaning, in Turkish “I will cut”, probably because he was quick in deciding to make a surgical intervention. His fellow doctors (and competitors), mainly of Greek origin, constantly envied him, up to the point that they even contested his medical qualifications, diplomas and credentials obtained in the British Empire. But his reputation as a skilled surgeon made his surgical services compulsory for all the doctors from Constantza facing the need of such interventions. Living in a cosmopolitan town with a sea harbour, he learned to speak many languages, but none of them perfectly. His English colleagues joked that being an Irishman even his English was bad24). At the time mixing the medical and the pharmaceutical practices was not uncommon. When the new Romanian authorities tried to organize the medical-pharmaceutical “imbroglio” in Constantza, Dr. Bolton was obliged to receive an apothecary in the Pharmacy of the British railways, which, as shown before, eventually became his property. When Dr. Bolton retired in his old age, this apothecary, of Greek origin, named Rigani, leased the pharmacy, and eventually bought it, after the death of the former English owner 25).

When Dobroudja reunited with Romania after 1877, and especially when Britain recognized the newly independent Kingdom of Romania, some kind of diplomatic representation of the British Foreign Office was necessary in Constantza, an important port of the Black Sea at that time. Dr. Bolton was appointed by the British Foreign Office as Pro Consul in Constantza (Kustendjie) on April 18, 1881, and as Acting Vice Consul on September 26, 1884. He was still referred to as "Acting Vice Consul at Kustendjie (Constantza), Roumania in July 19, 1887. His diplomatic position was mostly honorary ("unpaid, but trading"), but still he was supposed to fulfil some consular duties for the British and other subjects, representing for years the British interests in this newly reborn and rapidly expanding Romanian port.

Aby Bolton firstly married Geraldine Frances Orpen Hungerford at the Cloyne Diocese, Queenstown, Ireland, on March 26th, 1866 26). After taking his family with him to Constantza in 1870, a few years later, at the outbreak of the Oriental Crisis, which led to the 1877-1878 Russian–Turkish War, he decided to send his family back to Ireland, to avoid exposing them to the invading armies. The family’s “Holy Bible” contains the following handwritten note about this event: “I read to my dear wife at her request: Matthews (chapters) 20, 23, 21, and John (chapter) 14. My dear wife and loving children left me at Constantinople on the 26th of Janry 1877 in route for Queenstown with McIvor’s steamer “Sidon”, Captain McMoris. God protect them.” Aby and Geraldine Bolton had together four children, all of them born in Ireland 27):

1.  Lyndon Charles William Irwin Bolton (b. Nov. 1st, 1868, Queenstown, Co. Cork, he went to USA, and was still living when his father died in 1909). Lyndon was a bearer of his paternal grandfather’s name.

Anna Margaret Bolton, passport size photo2.  Anna Margaret Bolton (nickname “Bono”, b. Febr. 14th, 1872, Queenstown, Co. Cork, d. unm. Aug. 26th, 1948, Bucharest, Romania; photo at left.); a very gifted teacher of foreign languages for her countrymen in Romania. “Bono” was a bearer of her paternal and maternal grandmothers’ first names.

3.  Mary Elisabeth Bolton (nickname “May”, b.Oct.24th, 1875, Queenstown, Co. Cork, d. unm. March 14th, 1911, in Kis Bozva, Hungary, when starting a new job as a governess for the children of a rich Hungarian landlord, the Count de Bombelles).

4.  Ewa Violet Bolton (b. March 16th, 1877 and d. March 19th, 1877 in Queenstown, Co. Cork, Ireland, only three days old).

Geraldine Bolton (nee Orpen) died in Constantza, after an accident (a fall), on March 24th, 1879, in the same month with her mother, Margaret Orpen, who died on the 1st of March, 1879 at her home from 2, Kings Terrace, Queenstown, Co. Cork, Ireland 28).

Being a widower for a few months only, Aby Bolton remarried in Constantza with Terezina Corner, his second wife, on August 28th, 1879, “in front of the newly established Romanian authorities” 29). They had 7 children, but their marriage was ended by a family tragedy, due to an epidemic illness. It is sufficient to quote again the “Holy Bible” notes (the handwriting of Dr. Bolton): “Roumania. 1891, July 8. I have here to record the results of a severe epidemia of Diphtheritic scarlatina, which afflicted my dear family: 1. On March 27, 1891 my lovely child Flora Beatrice, at 2 years & 8 months was carried into our bedroom at 6 a.m. having died suddenly in the night, unobserved by the nurse. 2. On April 5, 1891 my dearly loving Terezina Emily (Lice), died at 5 a.m. from Diphtheritic scarlatina, aged 9 years, of both her mother & father. 3. On April 10, 1891, about 5 a.m. my dearest child Elinor Jane (Nellie), aged 8 years, died, in great suffering, but with marvellous courage, from gangrenous Diphtheritic scarlatina. 4. On April 15, 1891, at 6 a.m. my sweet dearly loving and beloved wife, aged 34 yrs, Terezina Corner (dearest Thesie) died from Pernicious Anemia brought on by sad grief. God keeps her safe. (The notes continue in the same way and numbering, but referring to a later event) 5. On the 14Janry 1897 my dearest Doricilla Eustachia Laura Rita died from consumption. A terribly decimated family! And this happened to a doctor’s family! What was the dimension of this epidemic in the local population of Constantza, if a medical doctor lost, within 3 weeks, his wife and three of his children?

The full children list of Aby Bolton’s second marriage including those who died during the a.m. epidemic, all born in Constantza, is (numbers follow those from the first marriage). 30)

5.  Aby Bourne Corner Bolton (b. Jul. 20th, 1880, d. Oct. 27th, 1922, Baku, Azerbaijan); he worked as an engineer in oil production for British companies in the newly established Soviet Union. He was married.

6.  Terezina Arpalice Emily Beda Bolton (b. Febr.26th , 1882, d. Apr. 5th , 1891, see above)

7.  Elinor Jane Bolton (b. Apr. 28th , 1883, d. Apr. 10th , 1891, see above)

8.  Doricilla Eustachia Laura Rita Bolton (b. Sept. 30th , 1884, d. Jan. 14th , 1897, see above)

 Ada Lilla Zoe Bolton, passport sized photo9.  Ada Lilla Zoe Bolton (b. Oct. 19th, 1886, d. Apr. 27th, 1948 in Constantza; photo at left) she married a rich Greek merchant, Ulysses Benderly.

10.  Flora Beatrice Bolton (b. Jul. 4th , 1888, d. March 27th , 1891, see above)

11.  Thomas Francis Bolton, passport sized photo Thomas Francis Bolton (b. March 16th, 1890, d. Jul. 2nd, 1939 in the UK, photo at right) he was a ship owner in Britain and a great hunter in Romania (his specialty, wolves), nicknamed, in the family “Uncle Tommy”. He died unmarried.

Aby Bolton, seeking to restore his family life again, decided to marry, at 57, a 25 years old Austrian -Italian young lady from Trieste (at that time in the Austro-Hungarian Empire), Ida Aloysia Josepha Hesse. She was the sister of the wife of one of the doctor’s closest friends, Magrin, the French Counsel in Constantza. Bolton was impressed by her good-looking photographic image (the French Counsel was a professional photographer as well), and rushed to Vienna to meet her. She came to Vienna as well, puzzled by being proposed by an old gentleman, father of so many children, but she was quickly “convinced” by the Anglo-Irish doctor with a pistol in her chest to accept the marriage (again a family legend!). 31)

They where married at the San Antonio Taumaturgo (Catholic) Church in Trieste, on September 28th, 1895 32). They had nevertheless a happy marriage, and they had even two children, both born in Constantza, among them being my beloved grandmother Ida Ezia (Elsa) Bolton, born on May 26th, 1897. Ida Hesse was the third child of Carlo Hesse, a merchant ship captain at the reputed “Lloyd Austriaco” Shipping Line, and Anna, born Angelini. Carlo Hesse, the would be father-in-law of Aby Bolton, when commanding the “Lloyd Austriaco” steamer “Stadion”, distinguished himself by leading the salvaging, on August 20th, 1860, near the Port of Navarin (Greece), of the French “paquebot”, “Le Gange”, belonging to the “Messageries Imperiales” lines. For his bravery, in this case, Carlo Hesse, was distinguished by the French Emperor, Napoleon the 3rd, on October 15th 1860, with the Honorary Silver Medal (the Medal license is dated February 26th , 1861) 33). The eldest brother of Ida Hesse (married Bolton), Anton Hesse was a Naval Officer in the Austrian-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Navy, where he reached the rank of Rear Admiral retired 34). That means that the naval surgeon got eventually married in a family with good naval tradition. The mother in law of Dr. Bolton, Anna Hesse (nee Angelini), visited her daughters in Constantza, at the outbreak of the First World War hostilities. Her a.m. son tried to bring her back to Austria, on a war ship on the Danube, but she died, in 1917, during the trip in the Romanian Port of Turnu Severin, where she was buried (in the Catholic Cemetery). 35)

Ida Aloysia Josepha Hesse, passport sized photoThe young bride, Ida Aloysia Josepha Hesse (photo at right), was born in Trieste (today in Italy) on April 4th, 1870, and when she married Dr Bolton she used to live in the same Italian town at 35, Via Aquedotto (today named Viale XX Settembre).36)  She lived, after her marriage, in Constantza and, at the end of her life, in Bucharest (Capital City of Romania), where she died on March 26th, 1954 (surviving 45 years, as the widow of her late husband, Dr. Bolton, of whom I write about). In her last days, she lived together with her daughter’s family, giving to the author of this summary (one of her grand nephews) the unique chance to meet (and to remember) her, as a nice little French speaking old lady, dressed in black and with incredible delicate and tiny hands. She was nicknamed by the family and her descendants, with much affection, as “La Nonina”, the Italian word for “little grand-mother”.

Abraham Irwin Bolton and Ida Aloysia Josepha Bolton (nee Hesse) had two children (numbers follow those from the first and second marriages of Aby Bolton) 37):

 Ida Ezia Bolton, passport sized photo12.  Ida Ezia Bolton (Elsa) (the author’s grandmother), (b. May 26th  (12), 1897, in Constantza, m. June 18th, 1917, in Iasi, the then Lt. Ion S. Stanculescu, and d. Aug. 16th, 1957 in Bucharest; photo at left). She was a gifted musician, and she got a degree from the Romanian Arts Conservatory in Bucharest as a piano interpreter38), being a very good player of Chopin. Her debut, as a pianist, was at 9, with a concerto in the main hall of the then newly built Constantza Casino palace (a nice piece of Art Nouveau architecture on the main sea shore promenade of Constantza).

Richard Bolton13.  Richard Bolton (Ricardo), (b. Dec. 14th, 1898 in Constantza, d. 1975 in Bucharest; photo at right - click on photo for slightly larger version). He fought for Britain in the First World War at Ypres (Belgium) and in Syria (against the Turks) where he lost some fingers from his left hand. This last son of Dr. Bolton was, in his childhood, reputed in Constantza for his bad jokes he used to do to the Turks distributing drinkable water with their horse driven carriages (the so-called “sacca”). He managed to take out, unnoticed, the outlet cover from the water barrel carried on the town’s streets for sale to the population, and the precious drinking water poured out, to the full awe of the water sellers. They came, in angry delegations, to the Doctor’s house, which paid them the whole amount of their loads, with generosity. What happened afterwards with his son remained unrecorded!

The Anglo-Irish naval surgeon and doctor from Constantza lived well in the first decade of the 20th century and died, as a beloved patriarch, in the middle of his family, well established in Constantza (Romania). “On the 25th of May 1909, at 6 p.m., our beloved father, A. Irwin Bolton, died at Constantza, after a short illness in his 72nd years. Bono Bolton”, was written, by his eldest daughter, in the family “Holy Bible”. A simple conclusion for the rather uncommon life of a hardworking, family loving English surgeon and physician, gladly adopted by the Romanian town of Constantza! The local newspaper “Minerva” published, on the 26th (14th) of May, 1909, a short obituary comment, naming Dr. Bolton “one of the most sympathetic figures of our town”, which “enjoyed a lot of sympathy among all the town’s social strata”. The funeral took place on the 26th of May, at 10 a.m., and was assisted by “all the elite from Constantza” (quoted from the same issue of the “Minerva” newspaper, which published his photo as well). The family published as well, in the then most circulated central Romanian newspaper “Universul” (year XXVII, No. 129), an announcement (“faire-part”) of Dr. Bolton death (in French), signed by, Ida Bolton, his widow, Lyndon, his eldest son, Tom, his last son from the second marriage, Ricardo, his last son from his third marriage, Miss Bono, his eldest daughter, Miss May, his second daughter from his first marriage, Miss Elsa, his first daughter from his third marriage (the summary author’s grandmother), Mrs. and Mr. Ulysses Benderly (his surviving daughter from his second marriage with her husband), Mrs. and Mr. Jean (John Francis) Bomford (his closest sister and her husband), Mrs. and Mr. Colonel Fleming (his another sister and her husband), Mrs. widow Hess (his last mother in law),  Mr. Antonio Hesse, his brother in law, Mrs. Lucrezia (Ezia) Hesse, his sister in law, Mrs. and Mr. Lyndon Bolton, the family of his eldest brother’s son, the families Gilbert, Benderly, Bomford, Bayot, Constable, Longfield, Morri[s], Mandrovicz, Magrin, Allan (relatives and friends).

The fate of Dr. Bolton’s Pharmacy in Constantza will end this summary. At the time of Elsa Bolton marriage, the Romanian Royal Army had the rule that an officer, aspiring to climb on in the military career, should marry a sufficiently wealthy young lady, enjoying some kind of a minimum dowry. The widow of Dr. Bolton decided to sell the pharmacy with a view to constituting the necessary dowry for her daughter, when a young and valiant artillery officer proposed to her. Lt. Ion StanculescuLt. Ion Stanculescu (the author's grand – father; photo at right - click on photo for slighly larger version) was fighting, at that time (1916-1919), in the Romanian Army against the German and Austro-Hungarian invaders. He survived the bitter battles of the Romanian front, and after the war the young couple decided to use the amount of money resulting from the pharmacy sale to buy a piece of land, in Bucharest, for their future family home.39) The young lieutenant eventually reached, during the Second World War, the rank of a division general in the Romanian Royal Army, distinguishing himself again during the battles against the Germans and the Hungarians in the Czechoslovakian mountainous Tatra region. He managed, with significant efforts, during his lifetime (starting with 1925), to erect a nice and elegant home for his family, on the plot of land bought in downtown Bucharest with the Bolton’s pharmacy sales’ revenues. The house still exists, and the author of this summary lives, with his own family, in it! The lifetime capitalized earnings of an English naval surgeon, established eventually in Romania, is still valued by and valuable for his direct descendants in Romania, up to the fourth and fifth generation!

Written by Gheorghe Radu Stanculescu, great-grandson of Abraham Irwin Bolton, naval surgeon in the Royal Navy and Medical Doctor & Pharmacist in Constantza (Romania)

Bucharest (Romania), October – November 2003, February 2005 (for Notes)


1)  Handwritten note on the front pages of a family “Holy Bible”, printed at Oxford, The University Press, for the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, M.DCCCLXX (in the Summary’s author possession); the exact wording of this handwritten note referring to the birth of A. I. Bolton is: “Abraham Irwin Bolton their [Lyndon Henry Bolton and Anna Maria Bourne who married on 26th of January 1826] sixth child born the 26th day of March 1838.

2)  Copies from the Rev. L.H. Bolton brief biographical entry in the clerical succession lists of the Church of Ireland (for St. Luke Parish, Dublin) - (2 pages), received by the Summary’s author, in March 2003 from “Church of Ireland - The Representative Church Body Library”, Braemor Park, Churchtown, Dublin 14, Telephone: (+353 1) 492 3979, Fax: (+353 1) 492 4770, Website:

See as well, International     Genealogical Index, British Isles, “Lyndon [H.] Bolton, Christening: 02 Mar. 1802, Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland, father: Lyndon Bolton, mother: Jane, Batch No.: C700941, Source Call No.: 0990093 IT 4, Type: Film, Printout Call No.: 0883867, Type: Film).

See also, “Griffith Valuation” records for: “Lyndon (Linden) [Henry] Bolton”, “County Cavan, Poor Law Union Bawnboy, Barony Tullyhaw, parish Templeport, Townlands Burren & Coologe, page no. 041 – 044 (publication ID 027, printed Tuesday April 14, 1857), County Cavan, Poor Law Union Cavan, Barony Loughtee, Upper, Parish Urney, Townland Townparks, Subdivision 1 part of Cavan,  Subdivision 2 part of Main Street, street no. 50, 51, page no. 356 (publication ID 028, printed Saturday, February 14, 1857)”, “County Dublin, Poor Law Union Dublin South, Parish St. Luke, Townland Coombe, Subdivision 1 Gallaghar’s Court (Merchant Quay Ward), Street no. 110. page no. 279 (publication ID 087, printed Thursday, February 16, 1854)”, “County Dublin, Poor Law Union Dublin South, Parish Tully, Townland Brenanstown, Street no. 2, page no. 158 (publication ID 102, printed Saturday, March 10, 1849)”.

3)  See “Burke’s Landed Gentry of Ireland”, (4th Edition, Ireland, 1958), page 97, and also the previous edition of the same (3rd Edition, Ireland, 1912), page 59-60.

See as well “The Bolton Families in Ireland, with their English and American kindred” by Charles Knowles Bolton, Boston, Goodspeed’s Bookshop, Inc., 1937, Chapter II “The Boltons of County Wexford”, pages 33 – 48.

4)  See above, note 3).

See as well “Wilson’s Directory – 1820”, “BOL”: “…Bolton Lyndon & Co., Woolen Warehouse, 15, Merchants Quay…”.

See as well “A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland” by Samuel Lewis, (1837), 2nd volume, page 390, were under MON letters is presented the parish of Monkstown, in the half-barony of Rathdown, county Dublin, mentioning: “…The scenery is beautifully diversified, and the neighbourhood thickly studded with handsome seats and pleasing villas, most of which command fine views of the bay and the adjacent country. Of these, the principal are Monkstown Castle, the residence of L[y]nd[o]n Bolton, Esq., a modern house, in the grounds of which are the ruins of two ancient castles of unknown origin;…”.

See as well:, International Genealogical Index, British Isles, “Lyndon Bolton, Birth: Abt. 1779 (?), Ireland, father: William M. Bolton, mother: Mary Lyndon, Batch No.: F166340, Sheet 057, Source Call No.: 1553264, Type: Film) and ditto, “Jane Carpenter, Spouse: Lyndon Bolton, Marriage: 1 Nov. 1793, St. Nich Without, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, Film No.: 2034628” and other LDS sources).

Two researchers at “RootsWeb’s WorldConnect Project”  have partially mentioned the Lyndon Bolton and Jane Carpenter descendancy lineage, i.e.: jakins – Teunis Kruger, and Tim-Irwin-9-20-2003 – Timothy Irwin.

See as well note no. 1) above; the exact handwritten mention on this book is: “Copy of extract from Family Bible belonging to (1) Lyndon Bolton, Esq. Of Monkstown Castle, Co. Dublin, decd, to (2)Rev. L.H. Bolton, (3)to Rev. R.K. Bolton: (1) Lyndon Bolton and Jane Carpenter were married on the second day of November 1793”.

5)  See:, International Genealogical Index, British Isles, “Anna Maria Bourne, Birth: Abt. 1805, father: Walter Bourne, mother: Walter Mrs. Bourne, Spouse: Lyndon Henry Bolton, Marriage: 26 Jan. 1826, St. Peter, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church”.

See as well note no. 1) above; the exact handwritten mention on this book is: “(1) Lyndon Henry Bolton born 10 march 1801, fifth child, (3) RKB Died November 20th1869 at Drumconrath Rectory, Co. Meath, (2) Lyndon Henry Bolton and Anna Maria Bourne were married on the twenty seventh of Janry 1826.”

6)  See note no. 1) above; the exact handwritten mention on this book is: “Abraham Irwin Bolton, Kustendjie, Turkey. A gift from his dear Mother, Anna Maria Bolton.”  Attached below on the same front page: “The Bolton Family Arms. DEUS PROVIDEBIT. Abraham Irwin Bolton, M.D.”

7)  See note no. 1) above; the exact handwritten mention on this book is: “My fond and loving Mother, Anna Maria Bolton, daughter of the late Walter Bourne, Esq., Crown Solicitor for Ireland, died at Garardice, Drumlargan, Co. Meath, Ireland, aged over 81 years, on the 14 May 1886. A loved and loving Mother. A.B.”.

8)  See “The Bourne(s) Families of Ireland” by Mary Strange, The Stramar Corporation, 1970, USA, chapter XVIII, “Taney Hill”, pages 159 –168.

See as well copies from the Dr. Lorton Wilson manuscripts referring to research material on the Bourne and Bolton families etc., vol. 9 (chapter 4 “Bourne of Taney Hill”) - (40 pages), received by the Summary’s author, in December 2004 from “The Irish Genealogical Research Society”, 18 Stratford Avenue, Rainham, Kent, England ME8 0EP, UK, Mr. Peter Manning.

See detailed attachment received January 2005 by the Summary’s author from Dr. Ruth Blair, Toronto, Ontario, Canada , referring to the descendants of Thomas Cowley Bourne (30 pages).

See as well, International Genealogical Index, British Isles “Walter Bourne, Spouse: Elinor Carmichael, Marriage: 29 Dec. 1791, St. Bridget’s, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, Film No.: 1985750”, “Walter Bourne, Birth: 1766, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, Death 18 Nov. 1848, father: Thomas [G]owley Bourne, mother: Marry Dunn, Batch No.: 8810204, sheet 42, Source Call No.: 1553222, Type: Film”, and many other ref. in the LDS repositories listed on the a.m. site.

See Oliver Simms site referring to Walter Bourne, Esq. Sen. And Thomas Cowley Bourne, his father.

See copies from the documents with PRONI {Ref.: D/2984-Certificate of Oath of Allegiance, T/1021(28) – Prerogative Grants, T/1021(29) – Extracts from Registry of Deeds (ref. only to Walter Bourne) – summaries and indexes} – (9 pages), received by the Summary’s author, in December 2004 from “The Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, 66 Balmoral Avenue, Belfast, BT9 6NY, Northern Ireland, UK, Tel.: +44(0)28 9025 1318, Fax.: +44(0)28 9025 5999, Website:

See as well about the descendants of Walter Bourne, Esq., Jun. And Arrabela Minchin the website

See also, “Griffith Valuation” records for: “Walter Bourne”, “County Dublin, Poor Union Law Dublin South, Barony Rathdown, Parish Taney, Townland Dundrum, Subdivision 1, Dundrum, Subdivision 2, Church Road, Street no. 3, page no. 152 (publication ID 102, printed Saturday, March 10, 1849)”,  “County Dublin, Poor Union Law Dublin South, Barony Rathdown, Parish Taney, Townland Montmerrion S., Street no. 1, page no. 154 (publication ID 102, printed Saturday, March 10, 1849)”, “County Dublin, Poor Union Law Dublin South, Barony Rathdown, Parish Taney, Townland Roebuck, Street no. 47, page no. 156 (publication ID 102, printed Saturday, March 10, 1849)”, “County Dublin, Poor Union Law Dublin South, Barony Rathdown, Parish Tully, Townland Murphystown, Street no. 17, page no. 161 (publication ID 102, printed Saturday, March 10, 1849)”, “County Dublin, Poor Union Law Dublin South, Barony Rathdown, Parish Kilmacud, Townland Kilmacud West, Street no. 2, page no. 048 (publication ID 102, printed Saturday, March 10, 1849)”, “County Dublin, Poor Union Law Dublin South, Barony Rathdown, Parish Kilgobbin, Townland Kilgobbin, Street no. 2, page no. 034 (publication ID 102, printed Saturday, March 10, 1849)”, “County Dublin, Poor Union Law Dublin South, Celbridge & Rathdown, Barony Upper cross, Parish Clondalkin, Townland Ronanstown, Street no. 1,  page no. 018 (publication ID 095, printed Wednesday, November 10, 1847)”.

Samuel Lewis, in the Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837), has described the parish of Taney as follows –“TANEY, or TAWNEY, a parish, in the half-barony of RATHDOWN, county of DUBLIN, and province of LEINSTER, 3.1 miles (S.) from Dublin, on the road to Enniskerry; containing 4020 inhabitants. It is beautifully situated on a sheltered declivity near the base of the Dublin and Wicklow mountains, and comprises 3691 statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act. The land, which is of good quality, is principally in demesne; the surrounding scenery is richly diversified, and the parish thickly studded with handsome seats and pleasing villas, most of them commanding interesting views of the city and bay of Dublin and the adjacent country. Of these the principal are…. Taney Hill, of W. Bourne, Esq… At Windy Harbour is a silk-throwing factory belonging to Mr John Sweeily, jun., employing about 80 persons; and in the village of Dundrum is an iron foundry. The living is a rectory, in the diocese of Dublin, forming part of the union of St. Peter's, and of the corps of the archdeaconry of Dublin: the tithes amount to £415. 7. 8. The church, towards the erection of which the late Board of First Fruits granted a loan of: £4300, in 1818, is a spacious and handsome cruciform structure, in the later English style, with a square embattled tower; the interior was thoroughly renovated in 1835, for which purpose the Ecclesiastical Commissioners granted £256. The old church is still remaining; one portion of it is used for reading the funeral service, and another is appropriated to the parochial school. In the cemetery are some interesting monumental inscriptions, among which is one to William Halliday, Jun., Esq., who died in 1812, aged 24; he was distinguished for his eminent proficiency in Irish literature and his critical knowledge of his native language. In the R. C. divisions the parish forms part of the unions of Booterstown, Sandyford, St. Mary Donnybrook, and St. Mary and St. Peter's Rathmines; there is a chapel at Dundrum, and a place of worship for Wesleyan Methodists. About 400 children are taught in four public schools, of which the parochial school is partly supported by the rector; there is an infants' school.”.

See the newspaper “The Armagh Guardian”, Armagh, County Armagh, July 15, 1845,( “COUNTY LOUTH. On Saturday last, the High Sheriff, Frederick J. Foster, Esq., of Fair-Hill, took his seat on the bench in the Crown Court, Dundalk, when the following gentlemen men [sic] were sworn as THE GRAND JURY.—Right Hon. Sir P. Bellew, Bart., Foreman ; Thomas Fortescue, Edward Tipping, Blaney T. Balfour, jun., William Filgate, George  Macartney, Thomas Lee Norman, James W. M’Neale, Louis Upton, Henry Chester, George Taaffe, Francis Donagh, Jacob C. Murphy, Thomas Fitzgerald, Edward Singleton, John Woolsey, George Ruxton, Thomas William Filgate, James Caraher, John James Bigger, George Harper, Esqrs.

Tuesday, July 8. The Right Hon. Mr. Justice Ball arrived in Dundalk at half-past ten o’clock, accompanied by the High Sheriff and the usual cortege. At eleven o’clock, the learned Judge took his seat on the bench in the Crown Court. The Grand Jury were then resworn by W. Bourne, Esq. Clerk of the Crown, for the criminal business. His Lordship, in delivering the charge, said—I am happy to find on this, my first appearance on this circuit, that I shall fully discharge my duty, by simply congratulating you on the extreme light state of the calendar, and on the absence of all offences of an aggravated character charged upon it. I find that there are but five or six cases—or five only I believe—[Clerk of the Crown—Yes, my Lord.] Judge Ball—and none of these are of a description to require any particular remark. One of them is not to be tried at present, so that if you find bills in the other cases, there shall be only four cases to come before the Court. Under all these circumstances, I have to congratulate you on the entire absence of all aggravated crime in your country. I think we shall be able to discharge the entire of our respective duties in the course of the day.  The criminal business, which was afterwards proceeded with, was not of the least interest or importance.”.

See the newspaper “The Newry Commercial Telegraph”, Newry,, Co Armagh and Co Down, March 14, 1828, (, “COUNTY LOUTH ASSIZES. (Reported exclusively for THE TELEGRAPH.) CROWN COURT. Dundalk, Wednesday, 12th March. Precisely at 3 o’clock the Hon. Justice JEBB took his seat in this Court, when, the Commission being read by W. Bourne, Esq., the Clerk of the Crown, and the Grand Panel called over, the following Gentlemen were sworn:  J. L. FOSTER Esq., M.P., Foreman, B. T. Balfour, Esq., Sir A. Bellingham, Bart, John M’Clintock, Esq., W. P. Ruston, Esq., F. Fortescue, Esq., J. W. McNeale, Esq., T. L. Norman, Esq., Edward Tipping, Esq., Thomas Tisdall, Esq., M. O’Reilly, Esq., T. W. Filgate [?], Esq., Robert Thompson, Esq., George Touffe [?], Esq., B. D. Sheilds, Esq., N. Manning, Esq., H. Chester, Esq., W. H. Richardson, Esq., R. Murphy, Esq., Wm. Filgate [?] , Esq.., John Woolsey, Esq.. Chas. Eastwood, Esq., Thos. Fitzgerald, Esq.. His Lordship, in addressing the Jury, said that the Calendar presented few cases to be tried; and that it was pleasing and gratifying to find the great decrease in crime, as evident in this County, compared to other parts of Ireland, where crimes, indicative of a spirit of insubordination and bad feeling, were so deplorably manifest. Contrast, said his Lordship, the present state of the Calendar with that of the same period last year, and what a pleasing testimony the result must afford to these whose desire it is to alleviate the dissentious and distracted state of society. He observed that there were on the Calendar three cases of homicide, and one for a malicious wounding. After adverting, at some length, to the law in such cases, his Lordship directed their attention to two cases of rape, which would, also, appear before them. It would be the duty of the Jury, he remarked, strictly to examine into the circumstances connected with charges of this nature; and it was particularly deserving of their attention, not only to ascertain that these crimes were committed in the manner stated in the information, but that the necessary acts of force and violence were resorted to, and that the party aggrieved had instantly applied to the proper tribunals for redress. These were the only cases appearing on the Calendar to which he felt it necessary to direct their immediate attention.  His Lordship said he would now call their notice to various representations that had been made to him relative to the state of two great public thoroughfares. The first was the road leading from Dundalk to Carrickmacross, and the other, that from Dundalk to Castleblayney. These roads were so very bad as to impede considerably the commerce of Dundalk—in which the immediate interests of the inhabitants were so deeply involved. He understood that a heavy burthen had been already imposed on the landed proprietors of the County—but, while he wished that every economy should be used in the distribution of the public money, yet they were bound to make such presentments as would be necessary to keep the roads in a proper state of repair. There was one more topic he had to call their particular attention to, namely, the very disgraceful and dangerous state of the principal street in town—the liability to repair which, he understood, was a matter of dispute between the Trustees of the Turnpike Board and the Grand Jury. The former, it seemed, pleaded their want of funds for the purpose, and the latter rested solely on their non-liability, [illegible] that the Trustees of the Turnpike Road were the persons by whom the repairs should be made. If, however, it should appear that the Trustees had not really the means, it was quite clear that the Grand Jury were legally empowered to present for the requisite repairs. Should this mode of adjusting the matter not appear satisfactory, there was another fund to which recourse might be had; he alluded to the Tolls of the Corporation. His Lordship added, that he understood the inhabitants of the town had very liberally proposed to defray one half of the expense necessary—an offer which, in his mind, should not be disregarded; and concluded with stating, that several bills would be sent before them this evening, and which, he hoped, would be prepared for trial on to-morrow morning. The Court soon after adjourned. The Hon. Justice Johnston takes his seat in the Nisi Prius Court, in room of Mr. Justice Moore. —(To be continued.)”; 

see the newspaper “The Anglo-Celt, Cavan, county Cavan, December 1, 1848” where the death announcement of Walter Bourne, Esq., Sen. appeared with the following wording: “DEATHS: … November 18, at his residence, Taney Hill, Dundrum, Walter BOURNE, Esq., aged 82 years, Clerk of the Crown of the Court of Queen's Bench.”.

See also “The Parish of Taney, a History of Dundrum near Dublin and its Neighbourhood” by Francis Elrington Ball and Everard Hamilton, Published by Hodges & Figgis, Dublin, 1895.

See also “History of Parliament Trust, House of Lords Journal Volume 62, 14 June 1830, pages 711-720, ( Journal of the House of Lords: volume 62”, “…Carmichael et al. v. Wilson, et e con:

The House proceeded to take into further Consideration the Cause wherein Jane Carmichael, and others, are Appellants, and  Thomas Wilson Esquire is respondent, et e contra:

And Consideration being had thereof; The following order and Judgement was made:

After hearing Counsel on Monday the 23d and Monday the 30th Days of March, and Monday the 6th Day of April 1829, upon the amended original Petition and Appeal of Jane Carmichael, Widow of Andrew Carmichael deceased, Walter Bourne and Elinor his Wife, George Gibbs and Jane his Wife, Hugh Carmichael and Jane Carmichael, Executors of Andrew Carmichael deceased, Zachariah Carmichael, said Hugh Carmichael and James Carmichael, all of the City of Dublin; complaining of a decretal Order of the Court of Chancery in Ireland, of the 31st of May 1826, and praying, “That the same might be reversed or varied, or that the Appellants might have such other and further Relief in the Premises, as to this House, in their Lordships great Wisdom, should seem meet;” and likewise upon the Cross Appeal of Thomas Wilson of the City of Dublin, Attorney at Law, Executor of the last Will and Testament of Andrew Carmichael, late of said City, Attorney, deceased; complaining of Two orders and Decrees of the Court of Chancery in Ireland, of the 13th of July and 6th of December 1825, and praying, “That the same might be reversed or varied, or that the Appellant might have such other Relief in the Premises, as to this House, in their Lordships great Wisdom should meet;” as also upon the Answer of Thomas Wilson Esquire, put in to the said Original Appeal; and also upon the joint and several Answer of Jane Carmichael, Widow of the Testator Andrew Carmichael deceased, Walter Bourne, Elinor his Wife, George Gibbs, Jane his Wife, Hugh Carmichael and Jane Carmichael, Executors of Andrew Blair Carmichael deceased, Zachariah Carmichael, Hugh Carmichael and James Carmichael, put in to said Cross Appeal; and due Consideration had, as well on Monday the 5th and Thursday the 8th Days of April last, as this Day, of what was offered on both Sides in these Causes: Order  varied & Cause remitted.

It is ordered and Adjudged, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, That the said Decretal Order, complained of in the said Original Appeal, be varied, by declaring that the Master should be directed, in taking the Accounts to make a Rest, and state the Balance at the End of each Year, and to charge the Executor with Interest on such Balance, and to apply such Interest as may be so found due from him in each Year, in the first place towards his future Payments, before an Application is made of the Principal Money; and that it be referred back to the Master, to take and carry on the subsequent Accounts, in like Manner, from 5th December 1924; And it is further Ordered, That with this Declaration the Cause be referred back to the Court of Chancery in Ireland, to do therein as shall be just, and consistent with the said Declaration; And is further Ordered and Adjudged, That the said Cross Appeal be, and is hereby dismissed this House, and that the Orders and Decrees therein complained of be, and the same are hereby Affirmed.”.

See also “Limerick Museum record details: ( Limerick Corporation), 26596. Notes, manuscript. Volume of documents relating to court cases against the corrupt Limerick Corporation, dating from 1795 to 1816. Pages numbered 5-136. Pages 37.5 x 23.0, folded longitudinally. Top and r. edges decayed / eaten. Several booklets fastened together. First occurrence of names only noted. 1. P.5-12. affidavit, William Hogg v Arthur Henry D'Esterre and Ascotte D'Esterre, 1795. Walter Bourne, crown clerk”.

9)  A comprehensive genealogical database, with more than 60000 names, including royal ancestors, but without indicating properly the sources, is to be found on (author of this rather fantastic lineage is Thomas C. Haydock (Mike)).

10)  See the presentation of the “Bournes and Carmichaels Families as being a part of the Irish Legal Establishment” in  “The Hallowes Genealogy” compiled by Giles K. Armstrong, on the Website;

11)  See note no. 1) above; the exact handwritten mention on this book is: “…(2) Lyndon Bolton their [Lyndon Henry Bolton and Anna Maria Bourne who married on 26th of January 1826] first child born the twentieth day of Nover 1826, Walter Hooke Bolton their second child born the 22nd day of Janry 1828, Richard Knott Bolton their third child born the first day of May 1830, Hallowes Henry Bolton their fourth child born the thirteenth day of June 1833, Henry Kearney Bolton their fifth child born the twenty first of July 1835, Abraham Irwin Bolton their sixth child born the 26th day of March 1838, Elinor Jane Bolton their  seventh child born the sixth day of May 1840, Jane Mary Anne Bolton their eighth child born the eleventh of May 1842, William Bolton their ninth child born the ninth of January 1846, My dear son Henry Kearney Bolton died, aged 19 all but six days, on the 15th of March 1854, a good and obedient son, May Jesus have received his spirit, LHB, Amen, Amen, My dear son Walter Hooke Bolton being my second child aged twenty seven years died at Fort Beaufort East Africa on the twenty third day of April 1855, being at that time District Surgeon of that town and of Alice, May his soul be with his Savior, LHB, (3) My dear father the Reverend Lyndon Henry Bolton M.A., Rector of Drumconrath in the Diocese of Meath died at Drumconrath Rectory on the 20th day of November 1869, For him my aspirations are the same as there which he has written above for his deceased children, RKB In the original page of the Family Bible [Ryder’s] in my possession: the parts marked (1) are in the handwriting of Lyndon Bolton Esq.,, those marked (2) are in that of his son the Rev. Lyndon Henry Bolton, those marked (3) are in my own handwriting, Rich. K. Bolton, Newbold Rectory, Dec. 14, 1870,

My dear brother Hallowes Henry Bolton died in Auckland, New Zealand, July 28th 1875, may his rest be in Heaven, My dear brother William Bolton, surgeon & physician, died, in London, from disease contracted in China  & India, on July 11th, 1882, at 36 years, a loved and dutiful son, a loved and affectionate brother, [ …], My dear brother Lyndon Bolton, solicitor, died on … 1900, aged 74 years at Drumcondra [ Drumconrath] , Co. Meath, Ireland [handwriting of Aby Bolton]”.

S ee as well “Land Owners in Ireland, 1876”, reprinted at: Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, MD, 1998, "Names of owners of land of one acre and upwards, whether built upon or not; including lessees for terms exceeding 99 years, or with a right of perpetual renewal" [B. Banks, Local Government Board, Ireland, 20th April, 1876], “…66. Lyndon Bolton, address Regent-street, London, owned 989 acres…”, indicating that the bulk of the estates of Rev. Lyndon Henry Bolton was inherited by his eldest son, Lyndon Bolton.

12)  See exchange of e-mails between this Summary’s author and Rick Smith, Computer Systems Officer, School of Computing, University of Tasmania, Locked Bag 1-359, Launceston TAS 7250, Australia, website:, referring to the descendants of Elinor Jane (see above note 11), a sister of A.I. Bolton, who married Bomford.

13)  See note 10) above.

14)  See note 9) above.

15)  See an obituary note appeared in the Romanian newspaper “Minerva” from Constantza, May 14 [26], 1909 (published original with this Summary’s author personal archive); the exact translation of this obituary note is: “The Death of Doctor A. Irwin Bolton from Constantza. CONSTANTZA, 14 [26]. – Yesterday at six o’clock evening, after a short suffering passed away one of the most sympathetic figures from our town. Doctor A. Irwin Bolton was born in the year 1838 in the town of Dublin, where he has carried on his studies as well, obtaining the diploma of Doctor in Medicine. From there he went to Paris where he completed his studies. The deceased has served 10 years in the British Navy, participating in the secession war and in the Mexico war, where he distinguished himself in fighting the yellow fever. He came for the first time in Constantza, at that time Kustendjie, during the Ottoman domination, in 1868, in the same time with the English Company, which have built the railway Constantza – Cernavoda. In the year 1870 Doctor Bolton established himself definitively in our town, and while he was practising medicine, he founded a pharmacy as well, which exists to day, being leased to Mr. Rigani. The deceased enjoyed much sympathy within all the social strata, being a good practician doctor and after a fruitful activity died aged 71 years, leaving unanimous regrets. To day at 10 a.m. took place the funeral to which has assisted many people, all the elite from Constantza. The funeral wagon was decorated with very beautiful crowns and  jerboas of flowers deposed by the deceased’ family and his numerous friends. Cor.”


Client: Mr George Stanculescu,  Bucharest, Romania. Date: 19 December 2003

Subject: Abraham Irwin Bolton, Assistant Surgeon, Royal Navy ca 1861-1871

Objective: To obtain the fullest details of the subject’s naval service

A search using the PROCAT catalogue search engine of the National Archives failed to find any open reference to the Abraham Irwin Bolton as an individual. The initial thrust of research was pointed at Admiralty records where an index of Surgeons and Assistant Surgeons in ADM 104/11 found a single entry indicating that a record of the subject’s service would be found in ADM 104/27. A copy of this record was made so as to facilitate further study.  It proved to be very extensive considering that Abraham Irwin Bolton’s career lasted only a decade. Abraham Irwin Bolton was aged 23 on 26 March 1861 and gained his seniority as an Assistant Surgeon in the Royal Navy on 8 October 1861. The record indicates that he had earlier obtained degrees at Dublin University in the preceding June and August 1860 and obtained basic medical qualification in the form of the Diploma in Surgery of the College of Surgeons, Ireland on 20 August 1860. Abraham Irwin Bolton was appointed by the Admiralty and he was initially based upon HMS Victory at Portsmouth to serve at Haslar Hospital, the large purpose built naval hospital where he spent the first month of service. Here, he would have seen at first hand the extent of injuries suffered by navy ratings and officers and also indigenous and foreign diseases suffered by seamen. His first seagoing appointment as Assistant Surgeon was on 2 November 1861 when he entered HMS Phaeton, a recently commissioned vessel, which saw service in Mexico where the subject also did duty at Vera Cruz. He continued serving on Phaeton until the end of March 1865 having also seen time in North America and the West Indies. On 7 April 1865 he went to HMS Fort William and remained on the books of that station on Half Pay until 14 March 1866. Whilst on the Half Pay his address is shown as 24 Lower Baggot Street, Dublin. On 14 March 1866 he was recommissioned and joined HMS Cockatrice until being superseded on 1 October 1870. On 30 December 1870 he was again recommissioned to join HMS Ganges as of 1 January 1871 and to remain on the Half Pay until taking up a Full Pay appointment. Abraham Irwin Bolton’s service started off well. In a letter to the Navy Board in respect of sickness visiting HMS Phaeton, Capt. Tatham demanded the best medical qualifications were required and stated that his Surgeon ‘’ has reported most favourably about his Asst. Mr Bolton, an officer who has been just one year in the service and my own observations confirm this good opinion and I therefore to request the confirmation of Mr Bolton as Asst. Surgeon’’  A further entry dated 24 November 1862 indicates that Navy Board minute noted the recommendation and Mr Bolton to be confirmed from 8 October 1861. From this it can be seen that he had hitherto been an assistant to the Surgeon of HMS Phaeton, and that his initial service was probationary being confirmed retroactively. His service on Phaeton took Abraham Irwin Bolton to Mexico. On the 14 April 1862 a reference to his service was noted which probably helped prompt the recommendation. Mr W N Brake, Surgeon in charge of the special hospital at Vera Cruz certified that ‘’Mr Bolton had been lent by Phaeton to do duty at the hospital from the 9 to 13 April inclusive during which time a service epidemic of fever prevailed and that he performed the varied duties called for with every positive attention’’. On 31 December 1864 Capt G L Bowyear of Phaeton stated in a certificate of service that the subject had been zealous and attentive in performing his duty. A further reference he made dated on 24 March 1865 indicated ‘’that he had carried out his instructions much to his satisfaction.’’ Abraham Irwin Bolton left Phaeton on 24 March 1865 and on 7 April 1865 he went on the books of HMS Frederick William. This was a home based Half Pay posting which lasted until 19 March 1866. Captain E Heathcote certified favourably of him on 31 December 1865. His next post was as Assistant Surgeon from 20 March 1866 on HMS Cockatrice, which was doing service in the Mediterranean. Comdr A G Bogle of this vessel certified very favourably of him on 14 April 1867.  However, Abraham Irwin Bolton was probably not entirely satisfied with his career and on 4 May 1868 whilst still serving on Cockatrice his wife applied for a vacant position at Haulbowline Hospital in Ireland on behalf of her husband. The Admiralty responded by advising that the vacancy had already been filled. The subject eventually left Cockatrice on 30 September 1870 having been superseded. Before he left, Commdr, Bogle stated ‘’that he had twice shown great attention to the sick and performed his duties with much zeal’’.  Prior to this, on 20 July 1870, the subject applied to be superseded from Cockatrice on urgent family affairs. When forwarding the application, Comdr Prowse stated that Abraham Irwin Bolton had been zealous in the performance of his duties and had always shown great attention to the sick. He was then told on 20 October 1870 that he had been replaced (superseded on Cockatrice) on 1 October 1870 and that delay had been caused by him delaying the sending in of his accounts. Then, on 21 October 1870 he applies for his discharge from the service with a request for some remuneration for his services details of which he provides. His superiors recommended that his resignation should not be accepted as he was quoted as having loitered in Kustendjie (Constantza) having been superseded at his own request after 4 years service in the Mediterranean. Also, that that he gave the impression that he wished to commencing private practice in Turkey and that he should be directed to return to England immediately with a view to his employment and this was to be on HMS Ganges. This was ordered accordingly. However on 1 December 1870 Abraham Irwin Bolton wrote asking to be allowed to resign to set up private practice.  However by the New Year the subject had not returned to duty as reported on 16 January 1871 by Commdr Tinkler o f HMS Ganges who confirmed that Abraham Irwin Bolton had not joined the vessel. He added that ‘’ This officer being at Kustendjie on the Danube had not yet had time to join but I would suggest that the Commander in Chief should call on the Inspector General to send one of the Assistant Surgeons from Plymouth Hospital for temporary service. A further reminder about Abraham Irwin Bolton not joining Ganges reached the Admiralty on 28 March 1871. The Admiralty then changed its policy, as it saw no advantage to be gained by his return and ordered that he should be dismissed from the service or be made to serve on a ship on the Home Station. His name was removed from the List on 5 April 1871.   

The following records and sources were consulted to help compile the above report:

PROCAT National Archives catalogue search engine

ADM 104/11 Assistant Surgeons Indexes

ADM 104/27 Statements of Service

ADM 12/ Admiralty Annual Indexes and Digests 1861 to 1871, 690, 706, 722, 738, 754, 770, 786, 802, 820, 838, 860

These indexes and digests indicate dates and references, which are coded to correspondence and papers, held in the ADM 1 series, the following pieces of which were consulted (in no particular order): ADM 1/5763, 5797, 5780, 5781, 5821, 5947, 5887, 6003, 6009, 6178, 6153, 6232, 6253. Not one of these records contained any surviving papers relating to the subject or his career. A great deal of the original material was believed to have been weeded-out by the Admiralty well before 1900.

The following additional records were also checked but yielded only minimal confirmation of some of the entries made in ADM 104/27 Statement of service. The entries ADM 104/27are also identical to any summaries contained in ADM 12 series

ADM 104/39 1855 -1887 Medical Officers Services

ADM 104/40 1861- 1871   ditto

ADM 104/45 1854 -1866 Medical Officers promotion submissions

ADM 104/46 1867 -1873 Medical Officers promotion submissions & service records

ADM 105/39 Admiralty entry book of reports & submits made by Med Dir Gen on surgeons 1840 -1866

ADM 105/75 Medical Dept service records of Deputy Inspectors and Inspector Gen of Hospitals 1861 - 1887

None of the vessels on which Abraham Irwin Bolton served appear in any specialized collections containing specific medical journals relating to such vessels or to the subject himself.

All records were sourced and consulted at the Public Record Office – National Archives, Kew, UK

Research undertaken and report compiled by Roger E Nixon, PO Box 11267, London SW5 9ZZ, UK, 18 December 2003.

17)  See notes 15) and 16) above.

18)  See a personal letter received in 2002 from Mircea Stanculescu (Summary’s author uncle), a nephew and direct descendant of A.I. Bolton; the translation from Romanian of the passage referring to Dr. Bolton is: “…In what follows, from what I know, I send you some additional information, which I hope to interest you; I start with my grandfather Abraham Irwin Bolton: How he arrived in Constantza? After taking his Medicine Doctor Diploma, he applied to be hired in one of the British colonies, but what was offered to him was a position with the British community from Kustendjie, a port at the Black Sea from the Ottoman Empire. The offer didn’t tempt him, because, as he used to say, “the country was to barbarian”. So being, he decided himself to take a position on a Navy ship as doctor. It happened that on the ship [he was serving] the captain was a Welsh, an irreducible enemy of the Irish people. In this situation, in one of his trips, the ship arrived in Constantinople, when in Ireland was the period of the revolution of the Irish patriot, Parnell. Although my grandfather was Anglo-Irish, he had Irish sentiments, because he was living in Dublin. Due to these sentiments, he developed with the ship’s captain a terrible quarrel, which was followed by a heavy fight having as a result the down knocking of the poor captain. This conflict was settled in the front of the British Consul in Constantinople, who have done a simple judgement: the ship, without a captain could not sail further, meaning that the doctor should step down, and remains to practice medicine in the British community from Kustendjie [the next stop of the ship], where my fighting grandfather refused [initially] a medical position. What means the destiny in the life of certain people! After few years, after the Russian – Turkish War, Kustendjie became Constantza, and my grandfather became a well known personality of the Romanian port of Constantza, where he founded a pharmacy as well, still functioning many years after his death. How married my grandfather Ida Hess from Trieste, our dear Nonina, as she eventually was named in our family? After remaining a widower the second time, my grandfather, which knew [only] from photography Ida Hesse, a sister of Mrs. Magrin, the French Consul in Constantza, decided to marry her, and with this intention he travelled to Vienna, where he arranged an appointment with Ida Hesse. Here, Nonina, which in the mean time heard that my grandfather had already around 9 children, refused my grandfather’s proposal, but he, furious, used a gun, pointed at Nonina’s chest, threatening to shoot her, if she will not marry him. Seeing how far could go his terrible proponent, Nonina accepted and they marry….

19)  See e-mails sent to & received from Paul Benyon: [questions] “I've found the name of my great-grandfather on the Navy list 1870 (Medical Officers) from your site  [] His name was Abraham Irwin Bolton, and figures as assistant surgeon on your list, under the year 1861, ship reference no. 580 and seniority date 08 Oct. Could you kindly explain me these data:  what is the meaning of the "year 1861"? Could be the year he entered into the Navy service? He was still with the Navy in 1870? What is the ship referenced under the "no.580"? What missions received this ship? What was the ship captain name? What is the meaning of "seniority date"? Where can I find a kind of personal file of the Navy's assistant surgeon A.I. Bolton, to find out more about his life and career? What is the exact meaning of the letters after his name on your list, i.e. "M.B" (could it perhaps be M.D.?) and "B.A."? Where was he trained and got these qualifications?” [answers] “8 Oct 1861 was the date he was promoted Assistant Surgeon, and since this is the lowest rank of surgeon "probably" means that this was the date he joined the Royal Navy. And yes he was still in the navy in 1870, although by the date of my next copy of the Navy List, which is for 1879, he is no longer mentioned, which would probably indicate that he had left the navy by this date. The number 580 refers to the ship HMS COCKATRICE, a steam driven screw gunboat of 269 tons (builders measurement) or 330 tons displacement; with engines that developed 60 hp or 253 hpi; she had 2 guns and was launched on 25 May 1860, and was operating in the Mediterranean when your great grandfather was onboard, and where she spent much of her career. She was scrapped in 1885. Assistant Surgeon Bolton was appointed to this ship on 14 March 1866. Her commanding officer was Commander James F Prowse, who joined her on 17 April 1868 []. is the date of promotion to that rank, My dictionary tells me that M.B. stands for Bachelor of Medicine and that B.A. stands for Bachelor of Arts. So he would probably have spent some time at university. As far as his medical training and career is concerned you may well be able to find something in the archives of the Wellcome Foundation: but regret to advise that I am not familiar with their records”.


[Captain Prowse was not Welsh (note 18): he was born in Dorset and came of a long line of seamen in the Royal Navy in the south west of England (email Martin Prowse to Richard Bomford 12 May 2008).  Captain Bogle was Scottish ( ]


20)  See note 18) above.

21)  Mention about his diplomatic activities could be found in the PROCAT catalogue of the of the National Archives (United Kingdom) at Kew, under the piece details index FO 104/48 (Domestic. Prince Ghica, M. Nedeyano. Commercial Domestic Various. Treaty Domestic Various. Consuls General at Galatz. Sanderson, Vecqueray, Vice-Consuls at Kustendjie, Sulina. MacDonald, Bolton, Cumberbatch, Commercial and Treaty, 1885 Jan.-Dec.) and the piece details index FO 104/66  (Consuls General at Galatz. Sanderson, Vecqueray. Vice-Consuls at Roustchouk, Galatz, Kustendjie. Dalziel, Bolton, Vecqueray. Diplomatic Consular Commercial and Treaty. 1887), etc. Further researches in this repository are to day (Feb. 2005) in progress.

22)  See (the official website of the Romanian State owned Railways): “In 1853, England’s interests turned to the Balkans. After the Crimea’s war, England had become the most important power in the Balkans. In the meantime, it brought [an] entire [fleet] to the Black Sea, even to the Danube .In favour of the services brought to the Ottoman Empire, England received from Abdul Medjid Sultan a parcel of land long of 62 Km which represented the necessary wood from Dobrogea’s forests and stone quarries from Constantza. They also permitted for England to use the labour force of the area in order to build the Cernavoda-Constantza railway, the first of this kind in the West of the Ottoman Empire. Works took place in hardware conditions and it was finalized in just two years. On October 4, 1860, the first train left Cernavoda toward Constantza, and the first passenger was Alexandru Ioan Cuza, sovereign of Romania, to whom Barkley, the English chief of the railway company provided the sultan’s carriage. From Constantza, Cuza went to Constantinople in order to obtain from the sultan the acknowledgment of the Unification [of Moldavia and Walachia, the core of the today Romanian State]. During spring of 1861, water gathered in the holes shovelled during railway works, transformed in swamps filled with mosquitoes that cause an epidemic that killed thousands of people in just a few months. In 1877, Dobrogea and its inhabitants become again a part of the country of Mircea cel Batran. On December 10, 1882, the Romanian State bought from the English men the above-mentioned railway plus eight engines, 30 passenger wagons and 100 freight engines, paying for them the amount of £ 300.000. Today, walking along this route, we noticed that numerous generations of railway men re-built it. Nothing of the old structures was the same, i.e. railway stations from Constantza and Cernavoda. Initiative of the railway men of celebrating this important moment shows their respect they have for the railway appeared in Romania. In 1869, the Romanians, helped by the English railway men, inaugurated the rail route Bucuresti-Giurgiu. I say this in order to remind you the fact that between Alexandru Ioan Cuza and Barkley there was born a special relationship. Rumours have it that, during the trip to Constantinople, the two of them decided on the construction of the railway route Bucuresti-Giurgiu”.

See as well “The Railway Evolution. First Railways in Romania” [“Evolutia Cailor Ferate.  Primele linii din  Romania”], pages 84 - 86.


23)  See the Memories of Vasile Alecsandri [Romanian Diplomatic Special Envoy to the Courts of the Emperor Napoleon III of France, of the Queen Victory of Great Britain and of the King Vittorio Emmanuelle of Italy],  “Excerpts from the history of my diplomatic missions-1868”, chapter III, “My mission to London [1859]. The Marchall Pelissier. The Lord Malmersbury” (published in Vasile Alecsandri, Travels and diplomatic missions, edited by Alexandru Marcu at the “Scrisul Romanesc” Publishing House, Craiova, Romania, 1935):  “…In 1846, when the Ireland famine was eased with the help of grains [imported] from the [Romanian] Principauties, in the British Parliament a big truth was exposed; at that time was said that the Danube Principauties are the storage of abundance of Britain!…” (page 210)

24)  See the article “Istoricul medico-farmaceutic al orasului Constantza.” (“The medical and pharmaceutical history of the City of Constantza”), which appeared in the Review “Analele Dobrogei” (“The Dobroudjan Annals”) no. 2 / 1928 (pages 227 – 236), author Dr. Hector Sarafidi (written August 2, 1928).

25)  See note 15) above

26)  See note 1) above; see as well site, International Genealogical Index, British Isles, “Abraham Bolton, Birth: Abt. 1840, of Cloyne Diocese, Cork, Ireland, Spouse: Geraldine Orpin, Marriage: 1866, Cloyne Diocese.

See as well “Genealogy of the Orpen families [Ireland], website,  referring to Frances Geraldine Orpen who married Abraham Irwin Bolton.

27)  –  30) See note 1) above,

31)  See note 18) above.

32)  See an original copy from the marriage certificate, which in kept in the personal archive of this Summary’s author;  the text in the Latin language of this document is : “ No. 834. Diocesis Tergestina – Justinopolitana in Litorali Austriaco. Districtum: Tergestum. FIDES MATRIMONII. Anno Domini millesimo, octingentesimo nonagesimo quinti, mense Septembri die vigesima octava, id est: 28 / 9 / 1895, servatis servandis matrimonium celebrarunt coram R.D. Iulio Warto, Coop. Delegato, astandibus Thoma Androvich, navarcho ad Lloyd et Antonio Hesse, c.t. m.m.fung., testibus. Cognomen, Nomen et Conditio. Sponsi : Abraham Irwin Bolton, medicus. Locus Nativitatis: Kilgobbin. Locus Domicilii politici cui pertinent: Dublinum in Irlanda. Locus Domicilii praesentis: Constantza in Rumenia. Aetas: 6 / 5, ‘838, 57 [anni]. Religio: confesia Anglio. Status: vidualis. Nome, Cognomen et Conditio Parentum: afti Lyndon Henry, pastor, Anna Maria, natta [Bourne, mistakenly written Bolton]. Sponsae: Ida Aloysia Josepha Hesser, privata. Locus Nativitatis: Tergerstum. Locus Domicilii politici cui pertinent: Tergestum. Locus Domicilii praesentis: Via Aquedotto No. 35. Aetas: 4 / 4, ‘870, 25 [anni]. Religio: Catolica. Status: coelebs. Nome, Cognomen et Conditio Parentum: afti Carilus, thierascus, Anna , natta Angelini. In quorum fidem has testimonials literas ex Copulatorum libro 15 pag. 191 fideliter extractas, sigillo ecclesiae S. Antonii Thaumaturgi ac propria subscriptione munitas dedimus. Ex Officio parochiali S.Antonii Thaumaturgi. Tergesti, die 30 Decembrie 1909. [Sealed]“.


33)  See original diploma and medal kept in the personal archive of this Summary’s author. The diploma was forwarded to Captain Carlo Hesse with an official letter in German and Italian, in which is written: K.K. Central Seebehörde, No. 6977, Al Signor Carlo Hesse, Capitano mercantile e Comandante del Piroscafo del Lloyd austriaco “Stadium”. Sua Maestá I.[mperiale] R.[egale] Apostolica si é graziosamente degnato permettere con Sovrana Risoluzione 26. Giugno p.p. che Ella Signor Capitano possa accetare e portare la medaglia d’argento del merito di 1a classe stata Le conferita dall’ Imperiale Governo francese per aver rimorchiato a Navarino li 20.Agosto 1860 il Piroscafo delle Societá Messagerie imperials “il Gange” che trovavasi in pericolo. Il Governo centrale marittimo rende colla presente informata Vossignoria della prelodata Sovrana risoluzione in obedienza ad incarico avutone dall’ i.r. Ministero del Commercio e di Economia nazionale, con dispaccio 11. cor. Messe No. 1524 / 206 per gratta di Lei intelligenza e norma in esito al relativo di Lei ricorso al trono del 24. Maggio p.p. il cui allegato viene qui ritornato unito. Dall’ i.r. Governo centrale marritimo, Trieste, 16 Luglio 1861, ss[Indescifrabille] [sigilio]” and with a letter of the Council of Administration from Lloyd Austriaco in which is written in Italian : “No. 627, Trieste li 21. Luglio 1861. Il Consiglio di Amministrazione della Società di Navigazione a Vapore del Lloyd Austriaco. Signor Carlo Hesse, nostro Capitano, qui. In seguito ad invito fattoci da quest’ Eccelso I.R. Governo Centrale Marittimo con rescritto del 16 corr. No. 6977, vi rimettiamo il qui unito Decreto diretavi da exso Governo, con cui Vi rende partecipe, che Vi fui permesso de accetare e di portare la medaglia di argento del merito di I. Classe, statavi conferita dall’ Imperiale Governo francese, Qui accluso trovevete pure il decreto di conferimento, che corredava la Vostra Supplica innalzata al Sovrano Trono. Vi salutiamo distintamente, ss [Indescifrabille]”; the French text on the Imperial Award is: “Marine Impériale. Le  Ministre Secretaire d’Etat au département de la Marine et des Colonies, Certifie que, par un décret en date du 15 Octobre 1860, l’Empereur a décerné une Médaille d’honneur en Argent au Capitaine Hesse, Comandant le navire Autrichien le Stadion, pour avoir remorqué à Navarin, le 20 Aout 1860, le paquebot des Messageries imperiales, en detresse¸ le Gange. Paris, le 26 Fevrier 1861, ss [Indechiffrable], par le Ministre, le Directeur du Personnel, ss[Indechiffrable]”.

34)  Copy of the personal file received by the Summary’s author in 2003 from the Austrian Military Central Archive, Vienna, Austria (3 pages), referring to the career of Anton (Antonio) Hesse, in The Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Navy, up to the rank of Rear Admiral retired; the wording of this file in German is : “Name : Hesse Anton. Charge und Rang : Korwettenkapitän (1.November 1905). Geboren : 14 Mai 1963, Triest, Küstenland. Religion : Katholisch. Persönliche Verhältnisse, Erziehung und Studien vor dem Eintritte in die k.u.k. Kriegs-Marine :  desen Vater ist Lloydkapitän, 11.Kl[asse] der Staatsoberrealschule in Triest mit gutem Erfolge erhielt. seine weiter Ausbilddung in der k.u.k. Kriegs-Marineakademie zu Fiume. Wann und wie in die k.u.k. Kriegs-Marine eingetreten : 1881 nach Absolvierung der Marineakademie unter 26 Zöglinge als der 13te ausgemustert. Erfolg gut. Hatte einen Freiplatz am 3. Juli 1881 auf. f. Prüfung u[nd] 3. Kasernejahren assentiert (?). Privat-Verhältnisse : 1881 ledig, finanziell geordnet. Decorationen : inländische : 1898 Jub. .... Medaille, 1908 Militärjubileumskreuz, 1912 Militärverdienstkreuz. fremdländische : 1897 5 Kl. bulgar[ische] Skt. Alexander Orden. Befördert, transferiert, versetzt u. dgl. : 1881, 3/VII, ernannt zum Seekadetten 2 Kl., 2 Jahre, 5 Monate, 16 Tage. 1883, 14/XII, wie oben, 1.Kl., 2 Jahre, 4 Monate, 11 Tage. 1886, 1/V, befördert zum Linienschiffsfähnrich, 6 Jahre,  1892, 1/V,ernannt zum Linienschiffsleutnant 2. Kl., 2 Jahre, 6 Monate, 1895, 1/XI, wie oben 1. Kl., 10 Jahre, 1905, 1/XI, ernannt zum Korwettenkapitän, 6 Monate, 1906, 1/V, verstzt in M[arine] L[okal] A[usstattung]. 1911, 1/XI, ernannt zum Fregattenkapitän in  Marinelokalausstattung, 1 Jahr, 1912, 1/XI, in den Ruhestand versetzt. 1914, 8/VIII, einberufen zur Dienstleistung auf Mobilitätsdauer, 2 Jahre, 8 Monate, 22 Tage, 1917, 1/V, ernannt zum Linienschiffskapitän 5. Kl. P.M. 2230 er, 1917, 1 Monat, 11 Tage. [source] pag. 1, Qualifikationsgrundbuchheft von Anton Hesse, Kreigsarchiv, Österreichische Staatsarchiv, Wien, Österreich.“


35)  Verbal information, not yet checked, but collected from the family in the childhood of the Summary’s author!

36)   See note 32) above.

37)  See note 1) above.

38)  See the Romanian original from the Summary’s author archive of the Diploma from the Bucharest Music Conservatory; the text in Romanian language on this Diploma, translated in English is : “Romania. The Ministry of Culture and Arts. The Conservatory of Music and Dramatic Arts from Bucharest. Certificate. It is established hereby that Mrs. Stanculescu Elsa has graduated the course of Piano in September 1922, getting for the last years of studies the general average grade 8 (eight). In witness of she is entitled to receive this Certificate, Bucharest, 14th September 1922. No. 726. Director of the Conservatory, [signed and sealed] I. Nonna Otescu. Professor [signed] D. Dimitriu, Professor in charge, [signed] D. Dimitriu, Secretary, [signed] Faust Nicolescu, The graduate signature, Elsa Stanculescu.”

39)  See, in the personal archive of the Summary’s author, the original of the ownership deed for the plot in downtown Bucharest (to day 8, Macedoski Street, Sector 1, 010591 Bucharest), bought by the young pair in the aftermath of the first world war for their future family home; the Romanian text translated in English is : “Sale-Purchase Contract. Between the undersigned, Demetru Negulescu, professor at the University, attorney, with the domicile in Bucharest, 17, Barbu Catargiu Street, on one side as seller, and Elsa Major I. Stanculescu and Major I. Stanculescu, personally and as husband to authorize, both with the domicile in Bucharest, Bonaparte Park, 31, Brazilia Street, on the other side as buyer, has intervened this sale-purchase contract: I. The undersigned Dem. Negulescu, declare that I sell for ever and irrevocable to Mrs. Elsa Major I. S. Stanculescu and to Mr. Major Ioan S. Stanculescu, my asset situated in Bucharest, 15, Calea Dorobantzi (inside the courtyard and north of the common road, which consists from a plot of free land with the surface of 324,69 sq.m. according the sketch attached herewith and part of this act. The land I am selling is fenced and neighbours at East the property of [Mrs.] Eugenia B. Mirodot, at West with the property of [Mrs.] Ralitza Zambreanu, at South with the common road connecting with Calea Dorobantzi and at the North with the property [Mr.] Buha Perian, formerly H. Benozighie. This plot of land I am selling free of any charges, warranting the buyers against any eviction, and as I am holding it according the sale-purchase acts, authenticated by the Court of County Ilfov, Notaries Section under the No. 13847 / ‘922 and 13876 / ‘922, transcribed at the Registrar of the same Court under the No. 7963 / ‘922 and 7964 / ‘922, submitted both, in original, to the buyers. II. The price of this sale is of 356.000 lei (three hundred fifty six thousand), received by me to day, at the authentication of this contract, which is an authentic recipe [proving] fully the payment. III. Based on this contract, the buyers enter rightfully in full ownership and possession of this plot of land. IV. All the taxes up to this very day remain in the charge of the seller. V. The fees for marks and registration will be split and supported in half between the two contracting parties. Drafted in two original copies. Seller [ss] Demetru Negulescu. Buyers [ss] Elsa Major I. S. Stanculescu, [ss] Major I. Stanculescu personally and as husband. Authenticated by the Court of County Ilfov [Romania], Notaries Section under the No. 5653 from February 28, 1927. Transcribed at the Registrar of the same Court under the No. 3207 from February 28, 1927.”