Family of Jim Bomford of Florida USA, born 1948


This annotated family tree has been compiled on the basis of a set of emails and other documents sent by Jim Bomford in Florida to David Bomford in South Australia in 2002, an email sent by Jim Bomford to Catherine Holman in 1999, information provided to Catherine Holman by Rick Smith, emails from Jim Bomford to Richard Bomford in Canberra in 2005 and 2006, social security and some other data from Catherine Holman, US census data supplied by Sukie Hunter, WW1 records provided by Rick Smith, Irish parish records and New York death records.  Research on the Irish Bomfords by Peter Bamford is reproduced below, but data from it have not been included in the tree.

1a John Bomford in Ireland, b 1763 and had issue.  Deeds and letters concerning Ballinakill handed down to Jim Bomford  appear to be from a John Bomford; John Bomford, who grazed cattle on Bomford lands at Ballinakill and whose death precipitated a dispute with Sir John Nugent over ownership.  John could be John Bomford of Lisgomell and Stonehall (died about 1817, probably third son of Thomas Bomford and Alice Jessop: 14.8.4; see 'speculation' at the end of this page)

2a Henry Bomford in Ireland b 1805, m Mary Kane or Mary Kean and had issue.  Henry could be Henry of Ballinakill, died 'sometime before 1846' or before 1850 (see speculation at the end of this page).  Jim Bomford [6a below] says 'Grandfather [4i Oliver, below] had some uncles in Ohio working in the petroleum industry and although I did have some correspondence with them we never met either. Hazzard Bomford who is deceased and his daughter Robin'.  These uncles, if the generation is correct and they were on the Bomford side, would be among the children of Henry Bomford and Mary Kane; there is no evidence of them in the US census returns.  In the 1880 census, there are 9 Bomfords: 6 are the family of a George Bomford, b England c1810; and the other three (G N, G D & C K Bomford) are from the family of Col George Bomford of the US Army.  There are rather more Bumfords: some possibly relevant ones are noted below, though except for Augustin at this stage there is no further trace of these children in either Ireland or America: they have simply disappeared.  Possibly several of them died in the famine of the late 1840s?

3a Thomas Bomford, baptised 17 May 1828, Multyfarnham, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records). There is a US 1870 census record for a Thomas Bumford b Ireland c1830, living in New York, NY.  That Thomas had a wife Eliza, aged 23 in 1870, so b c1847, in Ireland, and they had a son Henry Bumford, b c1869 in New York, NY (aged 1 year in 1870 census).  In the 1880 census, a Thomas Bumford aged 45, so b c1835, in Ireland, labourer of Carmel, Putnam, NY, was married to Ellen aged 32, b Ireland c1848, with children John A Bumford aged 10 and Frederick Bumford aged 6.  That Frederick likely died in 1910 (Italian Genealogical Group):

Bumford  Frederick  36 y  Sep  12  1910  4963  Bronx 

3b John Nicholas Bomford, baptised 2 Oct 1829, Multyfarnham, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records).  As a subsequent son was named John, this one may have died young. There is a US 1860 census record for a John Bumford, b Ireland c1830, living in New York, NY.  No sign of any siblings in that census, and no sign of that John in the 1870 census - only John Bomford/Bumford born in Ireland was aged 20, so b c1850, and seems to be living in a boarding house

3c Oliver Bomford, baptised 23 Jul 1831, Multyfarnham, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records).  There is an Oliver Bumford in the 1850 and 1880 US censuses, but he is clearly born in America of different parents and not this Oliver.  It looks likely that he was a railway official and that Teresa Bomford was his daughter:

4a Teresa H Bomford, spinster of full age of Finisklin, Sligo, daughter of Oliver Bomford, railway official, married Terence B Byrne, bachelor of full age, railway official of Emmett Place (?), Sligo, son of Thomas Byrne, railway official, in the Roman Catholic Chapel in Sligo on Sunday 18 June 1893 (EN email 20 Apr 2012).  Teresa Bomford Byrne or Teresa Byrne, wife of Terry (presumably Terry Byrne, see 1909 letter) of 2 and/or 6 Dominick Place, Mullingar, Co West Meath, with a connection to Bomford lands at Ballinakill, lands later in the hands of the heirs or successors of Sir Percy, Sir Walter and/or Sir John Nugent.  Wrote to her Uncle (not named in the letter) in 1909 (page 1, page 2, transcript), in April 1914 (page 1, page 2, transcript), and in a letter of which we don't have a complete copy or the date (though from the content is around New Year and after 'several battles' probably during WW1) (page 1, page 2, page 3, page 4, transcript), about a Bomford/Nugent dispute over lands at Ballinakill.  Theresa had a son in the Irish Guards who had 'gone through several battles' (see her undated letter), one of her 'large family', a 'big family of good young men'.  In the 1911 census, Teresa is recorded at 29 Blackall Street, Mullingar South Urban, Co Westmeath, with her family as follows:

 

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion

Byrne

Terence

42

Male

Head of Family

Roman Catholic

Byrne

Teresa

40

Female

Wife

Roman Catholic

Byrne

Oliver

16

Male

Son

Roman Catholic

Byrne

Terence

15

Male

Son

Roman Catholic

Byrne

John

13

Male

Son

Roman Catholic

Byrne

Augustine

12

Male

Son

Roman Catholic

Byrne

Mary

5

Female

Daughter

Roman Catholic

Byrne

Dorothy

3

Female

Daughter

Roman Catholic

Keane

Peter

40

Male

Boarder

Roman Catholic

Terence is recorded as a US Army pensioner.  So Teresa, aged 40 in the 1911 census, was b c1871.  On the basis of that date, her father could be any one of the sons of Henry Bomford and Mary Kain, born between 1828 and 1844, and any of the other sons could be the Uncle to whom she wrote.  It seems most likely that the Uncle to whom she wrote was Augustin, b 1844, to explain how the letters came to be in the possession of his descendents.  Augustin also had a son Denis, which fits with the reference to the death of her Uncle's son Denis in the 1909 letter. Teresa's marriage record places her as a daughter of Oliver Bomford

A Teresa Byrne was buried in Westmeath in 1959 (Parish records).  Fionnula Byrne (email 6 Jul 2013) has a copy of her great grandmother's death certificate: Teresa Byrne died 5 March 1923, widow, in John Street, Sligo. Document numbered W0424/20

3d Denis Bomford, baptised 22 Sep 1833, Multyfarnham, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records)

3e John Bomford, baptised 17 Jun 1835, Multyfarnham, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records)

3f Henry Bomford, baptised 13 Aug 1836, Multyfarnham, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records)

3g Anne Bomford, baptised 20 Dec 1838, Multyfarnham, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records)

3h William Bomford, baptised 1 Dec 1841, Taughmon, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records)

3i Augustin Bomford, baptised 18 Apr 1844, Taughmon, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records) (but see also his census records), d 1 Jul 1923 in New York (see table below), m Katherine Drugan, b Ireland c1845 (from census records), d 2 Apr 1924, New York (see table below) and had issue.  He was naturalised as a US citizen (as Augustus Bumford, address Parthion Street [sic], Kings Co, New York) on 23 Oct 1865 (SP email 3 Mar 2012).  He and Katherine probably died between 1920 when they were shown in the census, and 1930 when the census shows that their son Oliver had moved into the family home.  Also seems to have been spelt Augustus, Agustus, Agustin, Agustave and sometimes Bumford, known (1870 census) as Gus.  Augustin fought in the Civil War, Battle of Gettysburg, served with the New York Fire Department and is described in the census documents as an engineer working for wages.  Jim Bomford's records show him as working as an engineer for the Fire Department, and that he worked for the City of Brooklyn Volunteer Fire Department before the five counties were joined to form New York City.  Jim Bomford (email to Richard Bomford 15 Jan 2006) says his father once showed him a clipping of a bare knuckle fight that Augustin won against John L Sullivan for the rights of the Brooklyn Longshoremen to work the Hoboken, NJ docks. He was supposed to have won the fight. Jim says that is hard to believe because he would have been much older than Sullivan, but Jim's father had a newspaper clipping, from the Brooklyn Eagle if Jim recalls correctly.  Augustin was the eldest son of an eldest son according to Jim (though the Parish records, as reflected in this tree, indicate he was the youngest of 8 sons).  The 1920 census has Augustin as 75 years old and Katherine 70, living in their own house with no mortgage at 67 Bush Street, Brooklyn; it says Augustin was born in Ireland and came to the USA in 1863, was naturalised in the USA in 1865 and that Katherine was born in Ireland, came to the USA in 1860 and was naturalised (no date).  The Brooklyn Eagle of 26 Apr 1900 records a $950 mortgage from A Bumford of Bush Street near Columbia to J Andrews.  The Brooklyn Eagle of 27 Jan 1900 reports that Augustin Bumford of 173 Bush Street gave evidence in the 'heresy' trial of Senator Coffey before a Democratic County Committee.  Family legend has it that Augustin could not return to Ireland due to a clash that he allegedly had with a British trooper which compelled him to leave in the first place.  As the family tale goes (email from Jim Bomford to Richard Bomford, 15 Jan 2006) "Gus was a big man whose uncle was the owner of the property and the tenant farms of Ballinakill. He allegedly had an encounter with a British soldier in the street and was insulted by him. This insult had something to do with the fact that he was related to a man of property or was one himself. In the resulting fight he either beat up or killed the soldier. One version had him leaving the soldier who he had disarmed hanging on a hook of some kind. A fellow named Paddy or Patty Iago (not sure of the spelling but that is the name they used or at least how it sounded) helped Gus slip out of Ireland and work his way to America. He could not return and thus the letters of Mary Bomford Burns [sic: but see entry for Theresa Bomford below] went unanswered as to the defence of the title to Ballinakill land." Augustin Bomford, by then in the USA, was the only person remaining who may have had standing to defend Bomford title to Ballinakill lands.  City directories indicate he was an 'engineer' and living at 110 Sullivan street in Brooklyn in 1889 and 1890 (SP email 3 Mar 2012).  Augustus Bumford in 1915 had been (past tense - no indication of when) a Private, Co G, 46th Regiment, New York Infantry and was entitled to an increased pension.  The 1900 census says Katherine had had 15 children, of whom 6 were living; the 1910 census says she had had 10 children of whom 3 were living: Henry and Felix were two of those three in 1910, living with their parents, and the third was Oliver (Alfred), was living close by with his own family, so it is presumed William and Augustin Jr had died.  The Italian Genealogical Group has indexed the following death records for Bomfords and Bumfords in New York (sorted by calculated birth year):

 

Surname Given Name Age at
Death
Month Day Year Calculated
Birth Year
Certificate
Number
County

Bomford

Wm

60 y

Jul

18

1889

1829

23291

Manhattan

Bomford

George M

54 y

Sep

5

1897

1843

27643

Manhattan

Bumford

Sarah M

85 y

Aug

31

1932

1847

19469

Manhattan

Bomford

Sallie

47 y

Nov

23

1896

1849

38354

Manhattan

Bomford

Catherine

68 y

Apr

2

1924

1856

7056

Kings

Bomford

Augustine

64 y

Jul

1

1923

1859

13309

Kings

Bumford

Rosy

14 y

Aug

17

1875

1861

7662

Kings

Bumford

Mary A

3 y

Feb

25

1870

1867

54334

Manhattan

Bumford

Thomas

8 m

Jul

24

1872

1871

124737

Manhattan

Bomford

Theresa

6 m

May

31

1874

1874

177492

Manhattan

Bumford

Frederick

36 y

Sep

12

1910

1874

4963

Bronx

Bumford

Auguston F

28 y

Sep

13

1903

1875

15941

Kings

Bumford

William

30 y

May

4

1907

1877

9454

Kings

Bumford

Edward

13 y

Dec

26

1892

1879

20510

Kings

Bumford

John

1 m

Apr

7

1881

1881

3843

Kings

Bumford

Thomas

13 y

Apr

1

1894

1881

4756

Kings

Bumford

Earl

45 y

Oct

31

1928

1883

27110

Manhattan

Bumford

Frank W

56 y

Oct

14

1939

1883

7028

Queens

Bomford

Dennis

24 y

Jul

6

1909

1885

12660

Kings

Bomford

Rose

52 y

Feb

15

1939

1887

4233

Kings

Bumford

Marie

60 y

Jun

17

1948

1888

5532

Queens

Bumford

Margaret

55 y

Jan

3

1944

1889

602

Manhattan

Bumford

Harold C

7 y

Aug

13

1900

1893

26016

Manhattan

Bumford

Roy

31 y

Dec

6

1941

1910

24251

Manhattan

Bomford

Margaret

37 y

May

22

1948

1911

11095

Kings

Bumford

Elmer

31 y

Jan

22

1943

1912

719

Queens

Bumford

Shirley

8 y

May

5

1931

1923

3360

Queens

Bumford

Robert

3 h

Apr

15

1924

1924

8117

Kings

Note: The calculated birth years, particularly for older people, seem to be even less reliable than those calculated from census records, perhaps because ages at death were reported by family or others with limited knowledge.  Sarah M Bumford was recorded in the census as a negro; George M Bumford and Sallie Bomford don't seem to be in census records.

4a William Bomford, b Dec 1868, aged 1 in 1870 census, still alive in 1900, d 4 May 1907 (from table above). William had died by the 1910 census, which reports that Katherine had had 10 children of whom 3 (Henry, Felix & Oliver) were living

4b Thomas Bomford (listed at 14.8.8) (not mentioned in census of 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910 or 1920, so presumed to have been born and died young between censuses).  Based on this death record (from table above) he may have been b c Dec 1871 and d 24 Jul 1872:

Bumford  Thomas  8 m  Jul  24  1872  124737  Manhattan 

The death certificate does not provide much more.  Thomas Bumford, aged 8 months, lifetime resident of New York, father and mother born in Ireland (no other information given), died at 533 East 13th Street, 17th ward, a dwelling occupied by 14 families living separately, at 2 am on 24 Jul 1872 of infantile cholera and convulsions after being ill for 4 days, buried at 'Calvery Cemertry' (sic) (Queens County) on 24 Jul 1872.  The medical attendant looks like David D Tsab or Tsal or Tral, MD.  As the record shows no connection with Kings County, is has to be doubtful that this Thomas is from this family, though everything else (name, timing of birth, total number of children, Irish parents) fits.  533 E 13th St was reconstructed in 1900.  See Theresa below - perhaps it was 511 E 13th Street

4c Henry Bomford or Harry Bomford, b Dec 1872, still alive and unmarried in the 1920 census, living with his parents.  There is no sign of a Henry Bomford in the 1930 census, so he may have died between 1920 and 1930

?4d Theresa Bomford, b 29 Nov 1873, d 31 May 1874, based on this death record (from table above):

Bomford 

Theresa 

6 m 

May 

31 

1874 

177492 

Manhattan

The death certificate does not provide much more.  Theresa (the H is added in the certificate), aged 6 months and 2 days, lifetime resident of New York, father and mother born in Ireland (no other information given), died at 511 East 13th Street, 17th ward, a dwelling occupied by 8 families living separately, at 12:30pm on 31 May 1874 of congenital encephalacele and convulsions, buried at Calvary Cemetery (Queens County) on 1 June 1874.  The medical attendant looks like David D Fab or Tsab, MD.  As the record shows no connection with Kings County, is has to be doubtful that this Theresa is from this family, though everything else (name, timing of birth, total number of children, Irish parents) fits

4e Augustin Bomford or Agustus Bomford b Dec 1874, d 13 Sep 1903 (from table above).  With his parents in the 1900 census. Augustin had died by the 1910 census.  The Brooklyn Eagle reported on 14 Jun 1892 that Augustin Bumford, aged 19, was held to trial for knocking down John Arde and robbing him of 25 cents, all the money he had.  Two other youths helped Bumford, but they got away

4f Edward Bomford, b c1876, d 26 Sep 1892 (from table above), d before the 1900 census

4g Denis Bomford. There was a Denis aged 11 months at the 7 Jun 1880 census: he may have died young

4h Dennis Bomford, b Mar 1881 according to the 1900 census, d 6 Jul 1909 (from table above).  Denis is mentioned as having just died in Teresa Byrne's 1909 letter to her Uncle

4i Oliver Bomford, known to Jim Bomford as Alfred Bomford, recorded in the 1910 census as Albert Bumford, b 19 Dec 1884 according to his WW1 registration card (Dec 1884 according to the 1900 census; from the 1920 and 1930 census data we can calculate that he was born between Jan and April 1885), m c1909 Rose Ann St John or Rosanna St John, b between April 1886 and Jan 1887 in New York, sister of James St John and William St John, who at times lived with the family, and had issue.  Served for a time with New York Fire Department and spent much of his life building ships in the Brooklyn Naval Yard according to Jim's father's records, but was a foreman in a carpet factory according to the census data, and a foreman employed by A W Sutton in Brooklyn according to his WW1 registration card (dated 12 Sep 1915).  On the WW1 registration card Oliver and Rose are shown as living at 24 West 9th Street, Brooklyn.  The 1920 census shows Oliver, Rose and family living at 19 Centre (or Gentre) Street, Brooklyn, with Rose's brother James.  By the 1930 census the family had moved to Oliver's parents' house at 67 Bush Street, Brooklyn.  In an email to Richard Bomford dated 12 Aug 2005, Jim Bomford explains that Oliver/Alfred worked for a carpet factory and was also a steam fitter in the Brooklyn Navy Yard, including on the battleship USS North Carolina.  He also worked during the 1917 influenza epidemic for Ann Matthews Funeral Home, but did not continue there as '[Jim's] grandmother would have no part of it'

5a Augustin, born between April 1906 and Jan 1907 in New York according to census data.  Augustin was a bachelor and lived with his sisters Agnes and Teresa and his uncle James St John in Middle Village, Queens, until his death in the early 1980s. His other sister Catherine lived downstairs in another apartment with her husband William Wallace and family.  Additional information from Catherine Holman: an Augustin Bomford Birth Date: 10 Mar 1907 Death Date: Dec 1979 Social Security Number: 060-01-3881 State or Territory Where Number Was Issued: New York Death Residence Localities ZIP Code: 11374 Localities: Flushing, Queens, New York Rego Park, Queens, New York.  Jim Bomford says the date of death in the social security record is wrong for some reason, and that the only Bomfords in the State of New York while he was serving in the NYPD were all related to him, though there were some Bomfords in New Jersey whom he did not meet

5b William Bomford b between April 1908 and January 1909 in New York according to census data, m(1) Margaret Dalton, daughter of St John Dalton and (Mary?) Connelly (sister of Ann), and had issue.  At the 1930 census William, aged 21, was a stock exchange clerk living with his parents. William served with US forces in WW2 (archive) and was a medical technician in the first wave of landings at Normandy.  Served with New York Fire Department.  Additional information from Catherine Holman: a William Bomford Birth Date: 14 Dec 1908; Death Date: Jul 1978; Social Security Number: 060-10-8990; State or Territory Where Number Was Issued: New York; Death Residence Localities ZIP Code: 10306 Localities: Staten Island, Richmond, New York; Death Benefit Localities Zip Code: 11209 Localities: Brooklyn, Kings, New York. Jim Bomford in an email to Richard Bomford on 12 Aug 2005 confirms that William of Staten Island was his father and the dates are correct.  William lived at Staten Island after returning from Deltona, Florida in 1974 until his death.  Margaret Bomford, Birth Date: 6 Sep 1910, Death Date: May 1948, Social Security Number: 099-10-5204, State or Territory Where Number Was Issued: New York, State or Territory Where Number Was Issued: New York.  Margaret died shortly after her son Jim was born

6a James Michael Bomford, known as Jim, b 1948 in New York.  No children.  Raised by his Aunt Catherine Wallace (below).  Married to Virginia.  Served with New York Police Department.  After retiring from the Police, moved to Florida and was elected Fire Commissioner of a professional ALS City Fire Department.  Government consultant living in Florida in 2005

5b William Bomford m(2) Edna and had further issue (Kathleen Miller email 29 Mar 2010).  They lived at Deltona Beach, Florida, until Edna's death in the 1970s

6b Kathleen Bomford, who had issue

7a Matthew Bomford

5c Catherine Bomford or Katherine Bomford, b between April 1910 and January 1911 m John William Wallace, known as Willie, and had issue (Peter Bamford, 14.8.8 note 6; Kathleen Miller email 16 Apr 2010).  Lived in Queens (see 5a Augustin above)

6a Theresa Wallace, m George E Dunn and had six children.  They lived in Lake Grove, Long Island, New York

6b Roseann T Wallace, m Vincent Orciullo and had two children.  They lived in Staten Island

6c John William Wallace, known as Jack, d 1972 in an auto accident, m(1) Rosalind Cohen and had issue

7a Randy Jay Wallace

6c John William Wallace divorced and m(2) Judith Ann McKenna of Brooklyn, New York and they had 4 children before his death.  The children were raised in Brooklyn.  Up until their father's death, in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn; and after his death in theWindsor Terrace section of Brooklyn (Kathleen Miller email 16 Apr 2010)

7b Kathleen Wallace, married and has two children

7c John William Wallace III

7d Robert James Wallace

7e Timothy Scott Walllace

5d Oliver Bomford (Jr) b between April 1915 and January 1916, also known as Alfred, who had issue. Worked much of his life building ships in the Brooklyn Navy Yard, where records are said to record him as 'also known as Allie' [which would sound much the same as Ollie].  Jim Bomford says 'There were two Alfreds: one was my grandfather; the other an uncle who was baptized Oliver Peter in error (long story).'   The 1910 census records Oliver as Albert Bumford; in the 1920 and 1930 censuses he is recorded as Oliver. There is an Alfred Bomford in the IGI: Birth Date: 30 Aug 1915, Death Date: Apr 1967, Social Security Number: 095-18-6838, State or Territory Where Number Was Issued: New York.  In an email to Richard Bomford dated 12 Aug 2005, Jim Bomford explained that his Uncle Allie was intended by his [Jim's] grandmother to be called Alfred, and Alfred is the name on his birth certificate and recorded in the IGI records.  But he was subsequently baptised Oliver.  Both names are legally acceptable and he is shown as Oliver Jr in the census records.  His brother William handled the funeral arrangements and used the name Alfred as his mother had intended and that too is reflected in the IGI record

6a Alfred Bomford, known as Skipper.  Jim Bomford in an email to Richard Bomford dated 12 Aug 2005 says Alfred was named after his grandfather (Oliver known as Alfred) and spent his entire career with Xerox from when it was a printing operation in Brooklyn in the 1950s

6b Richard Bomford

6c John Bomford, a New York police officer

6d Elizabeth Bomford

6e Margaret Bomford

5e Agnes Bomford, b between April 1920 and April 1921

5f Rose Ann Bomford (not recorded in the census data). Rose died as a child

5g Theresa Bomford, b between April 1926 and April 1927, probably in January 1927 (1930 census)

4j Felix Bomford, b Dec 1886, d of influenza in WW1 (probably 1917 epidemic)

Other children to the total of 10 reported in the 1910 census, or 15 reported in the 1900 census

3j Teresa Bomford, baptised 17 Sep 1849, Multyfarnham, Co Westmeath, Ireland (RC Parish records). 

? 2b Oliver Bomford of Stonehall, Ballinakill and Mullingar (not mentioned after 1853) (see speculation at the end of this page)

? 2c John Bomford of Blackhills (died intestate and without children 1850) (see speculation at the end of this page)

? 2d Elizabeth Smith (widow in 1853) (see speculation at the end of this page)

Not placed:

The late John Bomford.  In her third letter, Teresa Bomford Byrne refers to the late John Bomford as being associated with a critical, and missing, paper.  There are two John Bomfords among Augustin's brothers - John Nicholas, and plain John.  Neither was the eldest son (Thomas), so it is not clear why either John's papers would be critical to the case.  It could, perhaps, be a reference to the senior John, Augustin's grandfather.

Great Uncle Oliver.  In her 1914 letter to her Uncle, Teresa refers to his Uncle Oliver, i.e. her great Uncle, wanting to know the year he died.  That Oliver would be the brother of Henry Bomford, Augustin's father.  As speculated below, that Oliver would be Oliver of Stonehall, Ballinakill and Mullingar (not mentioned after 1853), brother of John of Blackhills (died intestate and without children 1850), brother of Henry of Ballinakill (died 'sometime before 1846') and brother of Elizabeth Smith (widow in 1853), all children of John Bomford of Lisgomell and Stonehall (died about 1817).

Mary Bomford Burns.  Pleaded (letter 'postmarked in the late 1800s') with Jim Bomford's great grandfather (1b Augustin) to return to Ireland to defend the title to Bomford lands.  The dispute contained in the letters some from a Mary Bomford Burns discuss Lord Percy Nugent grazing livestock on Ballinakill property and through that laying claim to the "manor houses and tenant farms." Letters to my Great Grandfather Agustus requested that he either return to Ireland to defend the claim or grant the right to represent him to Mary Bomford Burns

Edwin Bumford, d 6 Dec 1853 aged 36 (so b c1817), lived at 4 Stanton Street, buried Greenwood Cemetery (Brooklyn Eagle, 7 Dec 1853).  May have been a butcher - see articles re E Bumford and Mr Bumford in the Brooklyn Eagle

Edward Bumford was the person taxed at Ward 5 Map references 40 to 42A, 43 & 44 according to the Brooklyn Eagle, 28 Mar 1855 (Augustin Bumford lived, much later, in census Ward 12).  The Brooklyn Eagle of 10 Dec 1844 at page 2 reports that a Fire Department Committee report in favour of E Bumford being granted a discharge certificate as fireman was adopted.

Additional information from Peter Bamford re Bomfords and Bomford lands around Ballinakill in Ireland (taken from the 1980s version of his work; a more recent version is now at 14.8.4).

Beginning of Peter Bamford's information:

17.6 The Bomfords of Ballinakill & Co Westmeath 1799-1853

Ballinakill is on the south shore of Lough Derravaragh in the Parish of Multyfarnham and northeast of that village. To the south are the lands of Farragh and to the west is Lackan which both belonged to Thomas [Bomford] the elder of Clounstown and then to his son, Thomas [Bomford], who moved from Clounstown to Harristown in Westmeath in 1784. The neighbouring parish to the east is Stonehall, which includes the estate of Mornington, the property of Owen Daly (1780-1847); he was the grandson of Owen Daly and his wife Anne, a daughter of Edward Bomford of Hightown. So Ballinakill is surrounded by Bomford history.

Another property about six miles to the east of Ballinakill is Cumberstown which lies at the east end of Lough Lene: This is a mystery property as no Bomford lease has come to light, but it does appear to belong to Thomas Bomford of Clounstown in 1762 when its rents were placed in trust for the maintenance of his daughters (7.18.1). Then in 1783 (14.5) the rents were set aside by his son, Thomas Bomford of Harristown, to cover the debts on Clounstown. There was therefore a definite tie between Cumberstown and Thomas of Harristown, so much so, that the John Bomford of Cumberstown (see below) of 1832 must be closely related, perhaps a grandson.

Yet another mystery property is Cyplin (14.6) that Thomas Bomford of Harristown leased in 1784, and I begin to suspect that it is part of Cumberstown. The reason why Cyplin is mentioned here is because the lease was witnessed in 1784 by the first of the unplaced Bomfords of Westmeath; his name is Oliver Bomford and he is described as a "Publican”. Other Bomfords named Oliver will appear shortly.

The first Bomford mentioned concerning Ballinakill is John Bomford. The actual deed has not been found but it is referred to in the May 1850 deed (below), which reads -

"Reciting 1. Lease of 5th July 1799 in which John Alyward O'Brien leased to John Bomford of Lisgomell, Co Westmeath, the land of Ballinakill containing 81 plantation acres (131 statute) in the Parish of Multyfarnham and Barony of Corkaree." Lisgomell has not been located but it is probably either in the Parish of Multyfarnham or of Stonehall. If it is in the latter parish then the following prerogative will reference belongs to this same John, "1817 John Bomford his will of Stonehall, Co Westmeath."

Let us suppose that John was 30 in 1799 when he leased Ballinakill, and then he would be about 48 when he died in c1817. Therefore we are looking for a John Bomford with WestMeath connections whose dates are about 1769 to 1817, and such a John is there in the family tree. He is John the youngest son of Thomas Bomford and Alice (Jessop) of Harristown, (17.7.2), and brother to Robert Bomford who takes the name of Jessop and inherits Mount Jessop.

Indeed there is no other John available in the family tree, but this John suits incredibly well; unfortunately there is no definite evidence and so John of Lisgomell must remain among the unplaced Bomfords. However whichever John he is, he has relatives as the following deeds show.

17.6.1 Lease - Ballinakill 15th December 1826

Between 1. John Higgins of Relic, Co Westmeath, farmer
2. Anne Connell of Horseleap, Co Westmeath, widow
3. Henry Bomford of Ballinakill, Co Westmeath
John Higgins leased his one-seventh part of 66 plantation acres (107 statute) of Ballinakill for two lives or 61 years to Henry Bomford. Similarly Anne Connell leased her one-seventh part of Ballinakill to Henry Bomford for two lives or 61 years. (So Henry leased about 31 statute acres altogether.)
Witnessed Edmund Connally and Oliver Bomford of Ballinakill
(Book 819 Page 562 No 551897

Extract from List of Westmeath Voters 1832

In the Barony of Corkaree
Henry Bomford: Multyfarnham, house and lands, Ballinakill or Ballyfort (now spelt Ballinphort), (his landlord) Sir Percy Nugent, (property value £) 10, (remarks) no title

In the Barony of Demifore or Fore
John Bomford: Cumberstown, (property value £) 10.

Oliver Bomford of Stonehall  23rd May 1837

"Oliver Bomford of Stonehall, Co Westmeath, Esqr," is mentioned in part three of an assignment of land in Carrick in the Barony of Demifore.
(1837 Book 10 No 213)

Mortgage - Ballinakill 6th February 1846

For £300 Oliver Bomford of Ballinakill, Co Westmeath, mortgaged to John Bomford of Blackhills, Co Westmeath, the lands of Ballinakill containing 81 plantation acres (131 statute) in the Parish of Multyfarnham at a rent of £85.6.0
(1846 Book 3 No 136)

Prerogative Inventories 1850

"1850 John Bomford of Blackhills, Co Meath, farmer, his will."
'Co Meath' must be an error; it should be Co Westmeath as in the 1846 mortgage.

17.6.2 Lease - Ballinakill 25th May 1850

Reciting
1. Lease of 5th July 1799 (See 17.6, lease to John Bomford of Lisgomell).
2. Oliver Bomford of Mullingar came into the land of Ballinakill and promised to sell it to Sir Percy Nugent of Donore, Co Westmeath, in 1847. (Donore, the Nugent estate, joins the land of Ballinakill to the west.)
Now Oliver Bomford of Mullingar leases the land to Andrew Christopher Palles of Temple Street, Dublin
(1850 Book 9 No 170)

Lease - Ballinakill 20th January 1853

Between 1. Oliver Bomford of Mullingar, Gentleman
2. Elizabeth Smith of Mullingar, widow
3. Sir Percy Nugent of Donore, Co Westmeath (1st Baronet, 1797 - 1874)
Reciting 1. Mortgage of 6th February 1846 (17.6.1)
2. John Bomford of Blackhills has since died intestate and without issue, leaving Oliver Bomford his eldest and only surviving brother his heir, and leaving Elizabeth Smith his sister.
3. That the Court of Prerogative granted Elizabeth Smith the goods and chattels of John Bomford
4. Thus Elizabeth Smith is due the mortgage money of £300 which now amounts to £386.5.9
Now Sir Percy Nugent has made over Ballinakill to Oliver Bomford at a rent of £85.5.9
(1854 Book 17 No 12)

Summary:

There is nothing to connect John Bomford of Lisgomell who died about 1817, with the other Bomfords of these deeds except the lands of Stonehall and Ballinakill; but since land normally passed from father to son, we can assume that the later Bomfords were the children of John of Lisgomell.

Since Ballinakill was first in the hands of Henry Bomford in 1826 and 1832 he was probably the eldest son. Henry died without children sometime before 1846 when Oliver had the place. Oliver was therefore the second son. He was at Ballinakill in 1826, at Stonehall in 1837, back in Ballinakill in 1846 when he owned the place. By 1850 he was living in Mullingar and had leased Ballinakill. He was still in Mullingar in 1853 and that is the last date he is mentioned. Another brother was John of Blackhills. John may have been the second son, but I think not because he was never 'of Ballinakill'. John's property was Cumberstown (1832), but in 1846 he was at Blackhills where he died in 1850 without children. By 1853 the only surviving brother was Oliver, but there was a living sister, Elizabeth, who was a widow and whose husband, Mr Smith, had died before 1853.

End of Peter Bamford's information.

Some speculation

One the basis of all that, one is tempted to speculate that Jim Bomford's great grandfather Augustin's father Henry (b 1805, m Mary Kane, son of John Bomford b 1763, brother of Augustin's Uncle Oliver) in Jim Bomford's account is the same person as Peter Bamford's account's Henry of Ballinakill (died 'sometime before 1846', eldest son of John Bomford of Lisgomell and Stonehall (died about 1817), and brother of Oliver of Stonehall, Ballinakill and Mullingar (not mentioned after 1853), John of Blackhills (died intestate and without children 1850) and Elizabeth Smith (widow in 1853)).  Oliver of Stonehall, Ballinakill and Mullingar would be Augustin's 'Uncle Oliver' mentioned in Theresa Bomford Byrne's 1914 letter.  So the names fit.  But if that were so then we would have to revisit Peter's indication that Henry died 'without children'.  If Henry had Augustin in 1843 (or possibly 1845 according to the census) and Henry died before 1846 (based on his brother Oliver being 'of Ballinakill' in 1846, or before 1850 based on Oliver being the 'eldest and only surviving' brother in 1850 - the later date seems more likely as his daughter Teresa was baptised in September 1849) and if Augustin was the eldest son of an eldest son (ie he had younger brothers: the documentary evidence now to hand is that he was the youngest son, not the eldest) then Henry was busy having sons in his last years.  One of the other sons would be Theresa Bomford Byrne's father, so that Augustin could be her uncle.  If Henry first had Ballinakill in 1826 (Peter's account) and was born in 1805 (Jim's account) then he first had Ballinakill lands at the age of 21, 9 years after his father John died in 1817.

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